Race matters in child welfare: the overrepresentation of African American children in the system
"Although African Americans constituted 15% of the child population of the United States in 1999, they accounted for 45% of the children in substitute care. In contrast, white children, who constituted 60% of the U.S. population, accounted for only 36% of the children in out-of-home care. In addition, several studies show that children of different ethnic or racial backgrounds receive dissimilar treatment by the child welfare system, but little is known about the appropriateness of the treatment. This compilation of papers critically examines child welfare policy and practice, the causes of child maltreatment, and how each affects the disproportionate representation of African American children in the system."--BOOK JACKET.
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Race Differences in Risk of Maltreatment in
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abuse allegation abuse and neglect abuse or neglect adoption AFDC AFDC/TANF African American children African American families agencies American and white analysis bias caregiver CFRA characteristics chil child abuse child maltreatment child protective services child welfare services child welfare system child's race children of color Cohen's Kappa cohort Cook County correlations Courtney CPS investigation database decisionmaking disproportionality dren Endangerment Standard enter foster entry examined foster care placement Goerge groups Harm Standard Hispanic Illinois included indicated injury interaction kinship Latino likelihood logistic regression models maltreatment recurrence Medicaid missing National Incidence Study Newberger number of children parents percentage physical abuse physical neglect placed in foster population predicted race effect race or ethnicity Race X racial differences reports researchers reunification risk assessment Risk Level sample scores screening decision Sedlak sexual abuse significantly lower social statistically significant substance abuse substance abuse problem Table U.S. Department variables Westat white children Wolock workers