Empire's Footprint: Expulsion and the United States Military Base on Diego Garcia

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ProQuest, 2006 - 382 pages
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Because understanding empire requires recognition of its costs, the dissertation demonstrates how the expulsion caused severe ongoing impoverishment for the Chagossians. Linked with at least 13 other cases of displacement around bases, the Chagossians' removal illuminates a pattern of the U.S. military displacing non-"white," non-European peoples to build overseas military facilities, generally resulting in the impoverishment of the displaced. In sum, the dissertation suggests a more balanced perspective on American Empire, highlighting how overseas bases, along with other military and political tools, have worked in tandem with and undergirded economic forms of power, and how the national security that overseas bases supposedly offer has often been built on the insecurity of others. The dissertation concludes with the Chagossians' struggle to return to Chagos and win compensation, taking them to some of the highest courts in Britain and the United States.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Strategic Islands Base Displacement and American Empire
21
Building an Ethnography of Empire
39
A History of the Chagossians
53
American Empire and the Bases of Expansion
94
The United States in 1900
109
The United States its colonies and formerly claimed territories 1970
128
Strategic Islands and Exclusive Control
133
Maps of Seychelles
221
Compensation house Pointe aux Sables Mauritius 2002
240
Chagossian housing interior with damage from 2002 cyclone 2002
241
Chagossian housing Mahé Seychelles 2002
242
Chagossian housing Cassis Mauritius 2002
244
Map of Port Louis Mauritius
245
Bathing Not Recommended sign on Indian Ocean beach Cassis Mauritius 2002
246
Even when trying youre stuck old Mauritian Kreol proverb 2002
252

Strategic Island Concept target sites
140
The official crest of the British Indian Ocean Territory
163
Absolutely Must Go
170
Chagossians in the Fire
201
The Impoverishment of Expulsion
212
Map of Mauritius
219
Displacement and the Military
257
Foreign Policy as Dehumanized Abstraction
278
The Chagossian Struggle
298
The Imperial Present and a HumanCentered Foreign Policy
312
Endnotes
321
Copyright

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