Transport Prices and Costs in Africa: A Review of the Main International Corridors

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World Bank Publications, 2009 - Transportation - 145 pages
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Transport prices for most African landlocked countries range from 15 to 20 percent of import costs. This is approximately two to three times more than in most developed countries. It is well known that weak infrastructure can account for low trade performance. Thus, it becomes necessary to understand what types of regional transport services operate in landlocked African nations and it is critical to identify the regulation disparities and provision anomalies that hurt infrastructure efficiency, even when the physical infrastructure, such as a road transport corridor, exists. Transport Prices and Costs in Africa analyzes the various reasons for poor transport performance seen widely throughout Africa and provides a compelling case for a number of national and regional reforms that are vital to the effort to address the underlying causes of high transport prices and costs and service unpredictability seen in Africa. The book will greatly help supervisory authorities throughout the region develop and implement a comprehensive transport policy that will facilitate long-term growth.
  

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Contents

Table 22 Comparative Transport Costs Central Africa East Africa and France in 2007
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Figure 22 Transport Quality Worldwide Based on the Logistics Performance Index in 2007
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Figure 24 Average Truck Mileage in Selected Developing Countries in 2007
18
Figure 25 Cost and Price Trends before and after Market Deregulation in France 198097
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Figure 26 Average Transport Prices from Mombasa to Kigali
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Table 24 Comparison of Malawi and South African Fleet Competitiveness
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Table 25 Summary of World Experiences in Transport Services Deregulation
26
Chapter 3 Key Logistics and Market Characteristics of the Transport Corridors
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Ports and Countries
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Figure 31 A Typology of Transport Corridors in Africa Based on Market Access
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Chapter 4 Main Determinants of Transport Prices and Trucking Profitability
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Table 41 Transit Time and Transport Price from Gateway to Destination
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Figure 41 RoadRail Price Competition in Main International Routes
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Table 42 International Transport Prices Costs and Profit Margins from Gateway to Destination
40
Table 43 Regressions to Identify the Main Determinants of Transport Prices
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Table 44 Regressions to Identify the Main Determinants of Margins
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Chapter 5 The Impact of Cartels on Transport Prices and Quality
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Table 51 Main Regulatory Barriers in SubSaharan Africa
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Box 51 History and Impact of the Queuing System in France
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Cargo Reservation Schemes in Maritime Transport
51
Figure 51 Transport Quality Index Based on the Trucking Survey Results
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Table 52 Main Methods Used by the Trucking Industry to Get Freight
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Figure 52 Fleet Age and Yearly Mileage
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Table 54 Infrastructure Condition and Load Control
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Figure 53 The Vicious Circle of Transport Prices and Costs in a Strongly Regulated Environment
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Table 55 Current Trucking Demand and Ideal Supply Central African Republic and Niger
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Chapter 6 Transport Costs Determinants
63
Table 61 A Typology of Trucking Companies in Africa
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