Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology

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Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven J. Lynn, Jeffrey M. Lohr
Guilford Press, 2003 - Psychology - 474 pages
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This book offers a rigorous examination of a variety of therapeutic, assessment, and diagnostic techniques in clinical psychology, focusing on practices that are popular and influential but lack a solid grounding in empirical research. Featuring chapters from leading clinical researchers, the text helps professionals and students evaluate the merits of novel and controversial techniques and differentiate between those that can stand up to scientific scrutiny and those that cannot. Reviewed are widely used therapies for alcoholism, infantile autism, and ADHD; the use of EMDR in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder; herbal remedies for depression and anxiety; suggestive techniques for memory recovery; and self-help models. Other topics covered include issues surrounding psychological expert testimony, the uses and abuses of projective assessment techniques, and unanswered questions about dissociative identity disorder. Offering a balanced, constructive review of available research, each accessibly written chapter concludes with a glossary of key terms.
  

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Contents

Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology Initial Thoughts Reflections and Considerations
1
Controversies in Assessment and Diagnosis
15
Understanding Why Some Clinicians Use Pseudoscientific Methods Findings from Research on Clinical Judgment
17
Controversial and Questionable Assessment Techniques
39
The Science and Pseudoscience of Expert Testimony
77
Dissociative Identity Disorder Multiple Personalities Multiple Controversies
109
General Controversies in Psychotherapy
143
Toward a Science of Psychotherapy Research Present Status and Evaluation
145
Controversial Treatments for Alcoholism
273
Herbal Treatments and Antidepressant Medication Similar Data Divergent Conclusions
306
Controversies in the Treatment of Specific Child Disorders
331
Empirically Supported Promising and Unsupported Treatments for Children with AttentionDeficitHyperactivity Disorder
333
The Myriad of Controversial Treatments for Autism A Critical Evaluation of Efficacy
363
I
397
II
399
III
425

New Age Therapies
176
The Remembrance of Things Past Problematic Memory Recovery Techniques in Psychotherapy
205
Controversies in the Treatment of Specific Adult Disorders
241
Novel and Controversial Treatments for TraumaRelated Stress Disorders
243
Index
461
IV
466
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Scott O. Lilienfeld, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychology at Emory University. He has authored or coauthored approximately 100 articles and book chapters, serves on the editorial boards of several major journals, and is founder and editor of [i]The Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice[/i]. Dr. Lilienfeld is past president of the Society for a Science of Clinical Psychology and a recipient of the David Shakow Award for Early Career Contributions to Clinical Psychology from Division 12 (Society for Clinical Psychology) of the American Psychological Association.

Steven Jay Lynn, PhD, ABPP (Clinical, Forensic), is a licensed clinical psychologist and Professor of Psychology at the State University of New York at Binghamton. A former president of the American Psychological Association's Division 30 (Psychological Hypnosis), he is a recipient of the division's award for distinguished contributions to scientific hypnosis. Dr. Lynn is a fellow of many professional organizations and an advisory editor to a number of professional journals. He is the author of 11 books and more than 200 articles and chapters.

Jeffrey M. Lohr, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Arkansas/n-/Fayetteville. He has been a licensed psychologist in Arkansas with a part-time independent practice since 1976. Dr. Lohr's research interests focus on anxiety disorders, domestic violence, and the efficacy of psychosocial treatments.

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