Twisted Cross: The German Christian Movement in the Third Reich

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University of North Carolina Press, 1996 - History - 341 pages
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How did Germany's Christians respond to Nazism? In "Twisted Cross, " Doris Bergen addresses one important element of this response by focusing on the 600,000 self-described "German Christians, " who sought to expunge all Jewish elements from the Christian church. In a process that became more daring as Nazi plans for genocide unfolded, this group of Protestant lay people and clergy rejected the Old Testament, ousted people defined as non-Aryans from their congregations, denied the Jewish ancestry of Jesus, and removed Hebrew words like "Hallelujah" from hymns.

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Review: Twisted Cross: The German Christian Movement in the Third Reich

User Review  - Jake - Goodreads

A quality, comprehensive look at the German Christian Movement during the Third Reich and why studying it is important, lest we repeat tragic history. Read full review


Branch office of the German Christian
Joachim Hossenfelder
Poster announcing a joint rally of German Christians

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About the author (1996)

Doris Bergen is associate professor at the University of Notre Dame. She lives in South Bend, Indiana.

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