Staying Roman: Conquest and Identity in Africa and the Mediterranean, 439-700
What did it mean to be Roman once the Roman Empire had collapsed in the West? Staying Roman examines Roman identities in the region of modern Tunisia and Algeria between the fifth-century Vandal conquest and the seventh-century Islamic invasions. Using historical, archaeological and epigraphic evidence, this study argues that the fracturing of the empire's political unity also led to a fracturing of Roman identity along political, cultural and religious lines, as individuals who continued to feel 'Roman' but who were no longer living under imperial rule sought to redefine what it was that connected them to their fellow Romans elsewhere. The resulting definitions of Romanness could overlap, but were not always mutually reinforcing. Significantly, in late antiquity Romanness had a practical value, and could be used in remarkably flexible ways to foster a sense of similarity or difference over space, time and ethnicity, in a wide variety of circumstances.
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Chapter 1 The legitimation of Vandal power
Chapter 2 Flight and communications
Chapter 3 The old ruling class under the Vandals
Chapter 4 New Rome new Romans
Chapter 5 The Moorish alternative
Adeodatus Africa Proconsularis Albertini anno Arian army Augustine barbarian Belisarius bishops Byzacena Byzantine Africa Byzantine period Carthage CCSL Christian Chronicon Chronographia church commander Constantinople Corippus Courtois CSEL cults cultural Dracontius Duval Dying on Foreign East eastern ecclesiastical elite emperor epigraphic exarch exile Ferrandus fifth Fulg Fulgentius Fulgentius of Ruspe Gaul Geiseric Geiseric’s Gelimer Gregory Haıdra Handley Heraclius History Huneric Huneric’s Hydatius ibid ILCV imperial inscriptions Italy John Troglita Justinian king’s l’Afrique late antique late Roman later Latin least Luxorius magister militum Mauretania Maximus Mediterranean military militum Africae Modéran Moorish Moors names Nicene North Africa Numidia ofthe PCBE perhaps PLRE poet political Praetorian Prefect Pringle probably Proc Procopius provinces Punic Quodvultdeus region reign Roman Empire Romano-African Rome Ruspe s.nn seems seventh century sixth century Theodoret Thrasamund Tripolitania Turnhout V.Fulg Vandal kingdom Vandal kings Vandal period Vict Victor of Vita vols western