## A History of Mathematical Notations - (Google eBook) |

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### Contents

1 | |

4 | |

7 | |

8 | |

11 | |

13 | |

23 | |

24 | |

From Tartaglias General Trattato Folio 4 | 144 |

BouBELhis Algebra 1579 Impression Page 161 | 145 |

From Pamphlet No 595JV in the Library of the University of Bologna | 146 |

From the Arithmetic of Grammateus 1535 | 147 |

From Chr Rudolffs Coss 1525 | 148 |

From Van bee Hokcke In aritkmetica | 150 |

Pakt of Page from Stifels Arithmetiea integra 1544 | 152 |

From Stifels Edition of Rudolffs Cobs 1553 | 156 |

27 | |

28 | |

29 | |

35 | |

1ft Quipu from Ancient Chancay in Peru 85 | 38 |

Aztec Numerals 66 | 41 |

Dresden Codex of Maya 67 | 42 |

Early Chinese Knots in Strings Representing Numerals 70 | 44 |

HinduArabic Numerals 7499 | 45 |

Relative Size of Numerals in Tables 95 | 63 |

FIOBBB MIUOBAMM 28 Real Estate Sale Mexico City 1718 94 | 64 |

Numerals Described by Noviomagus 98 | 69 |

Symbols in Arithmetic and Algebra Elementary Past 100 | 71 |

Hills Table of Boethian Apices | 80 |

Sanskrit Symbols for the Unknown 10S 32 BakhshalI Arithmetic 109 | 81 |

Old Arabic and HinduArabic Numerals | 83 |

Numerals of the Monk Neophytos | 88 |

Chr Rudolffs Numerals and Fractions | 89 |

Oresmes Algorismus Proportionum 123 | 92 |

A Contract Mexico City 1649 | 93 |

alQalasadIs Algebraic Symbols 125 | 96 |

ByzantineMaximus Planudes Fourteenth Century | 121 |

From Earliest Printed Arithmetic | 128 |

De la Roches Larimwlhiqne Folio 60S | 132 |

Part of Page in Paciolis Summa 1523 | 133 |

ItalianLuca Pacioli 14941523 13438 | 139 |

Ghaligais Praclica darithmetiea Folio 198 | 141 |

From Tahtaclias General Trattato 1560 | 143 |

GermanMichael Stifel 1544 1545 1553 15156 | 157 |

Scbeubel Introduction to Euclid Page 28 | 159 |

W Klebittos Booklet 1565 | 161 |

From S Stevins Le Thiende 1585 | 162 |

Signs of Proportion 24859 | 164 |

From Aurels Arithmetiea | 165 |

R Recorde Whetstone of WiUe 1557 | 168 |

Radicals in Dees Preface | 169 |

EnglishLeonard and Thomas Digges 1579 | 170 |

Equations in Digges | 172 |

From J Buteon Arithmetiea 1559 | 173 |

Gosselins De arte magna 1577 | 174 |

Vieta In artem antdytieam 1591 | 176 |

Vieta De emendatione aeqvaiionvm | 178 |

B Cavalieri Exertitatiows 1647 | 179 |

English William Oughtred 1631 16321657 18087 | 187 |

From Thomas Harriot 1631 Page 101 18 1 | 189 |

Roman Numerals for x in 3 Hume 1635 | 191 |

B Topical Survey of the Use of Notations 200356 | 200 |

Signs of Equality 26070 | 297 |

Signs of Common Fractions 27175 | 309 |

Signs of Powers 290315 | 335 |

Signs for Roots 31638 | 360 |

Signs for Unknown Numbers 33941 | 379 |

IV Symbols in Geometey Elementary Part 35785 | 401 |

B Past Struggles between Symbolists and Rhetoricians | 426 |

433 | |

### Common terms and phrases

abbreviations adopted Algebra alphabet Amsterdam annee appears Arabic arithmetic Arithmetica binomial Brahmagupta Cantor Cardan censo century Chuquet Clavius coefficients comma cube root cubo decimal fractions denominator Descartes designation Diophantus division edition equation Euclid example exponents expressed Figure finds Geometry German given gives Greek Hindu Hindu-Arabic numerals horizontal Ibid indicate Italian Johann John Wallis L. C. Karpinski later Latin Leibniz Leipzig Leonardo Leonardo of Pisa letters London manuscript mark Math mathematica Mathematical means Michael Stifel minus multiplication Nicolas Chuquet notation occurs Oughtred Oughtred's Pacioli papyrus parentheses Paris powers printed proportion quod radical sign radix ratio Recorde's Regiomontanus represented Roman Roman numerals Rudolff Samuel Jeake Schooten separatrix sexagesimal sign of equality signify square root Stevin Stifel strokes subtraction symbols tion translation Tropfke unit fractions unknown quantity Vieta writes written wrote zero

### Popular passages

Page 11 - BC ;3 it is found mainly on monuments of stone, wood, or metal. Out of the hieroglyphic sprang a more cursive writing known to us as hieratic. In the beginning the hieratic was simply the hieroglyphic in the rounded forms resulting from the rapid manipulation of a reed-pen as contrasted with the angular and precise shapes arising from the use of the chisel.