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action Adam Smith agricultural army become Britain British capital capitalists century civilization commerce commodities compelled consequence consumption cotton cultivation demand direction duction earth enabled England English equal established everywhere exhibited existence facts faculties feeling foreign France furnished greater growing growth human human positives hundreds idea increase India individual Ireland J. S. Mill labor labor power Lancashire land laws less look Lord Elgin manufacture material matter means ment mental Mill millions mind moral nation natural forces non-consuming non-resistant obtain opium organology Orissa perfect period physical political economy poor population positives and negatives power for self-direction power of association present production profit proletaire proletariat proved rapid reader regard resistance result ruin Russia self-respect slavery slaves societary positives soil steadily tendency tends things thousands throughout tion trade voluntary association wages wealth whole
Page 62 - The natural price of labor is that price which is necessary to enable the laborers, one with another, to subsist and perpetuate their race, without either increase or diminution.
Page 240 - Calcutta, while thirty millions of human beings were reduced to the extremity of wretchedness. They had been accustomed to live under tyranny, but never under tyranny like this. They found the little finger of the Company thicker than the loins of Surajah Dowlah.
Page 208 - ... perpetual thunder and lightning of countless steamboats; the currency sound and abundant; the public debt of two wars nearly redeemed; and, to crown all, the public treasury overflowing, embarrassing Congress, not to find subjects of taxation, but to select the objects which shall be liberated from the impost.
Page xviii - With savages, the weak in body or mind are soon eliminated; and those that survive commonly exhibit a vigorous state of health. We civilized men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poor-laws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of everyone to the last moment.
Page 17 - This general law of agricultural industry is the most important proposition in political economy. Were the law different, nearly all the phenomena of the production and distribution of wealth would be other than they are.
Page 366 - To prohibit a great people, however, from making all that they can of every part of their own produce, or from employing their stock and industry in the way that they judge most advantageous to themselves, is a manifest violation of the most sacred rights of mankind.
Page 122 - ... the highest law in physical science which our faculties permit us to perceive, namely, the conservation of force.
Page 122 - The law of conservation rigidly excludes both creation and annihilation. Waves may change to ripples, and ripples to waves, — magnitude may be substituted for number, and number for magnitude, — asteroids may aggregate to suns, suns may...
Page 240 - Bengal, the misgovernment of the English was carried to a point such as seems hardly compatible with the very existence of society. The Roman proconsul, who, in a year or two, squeezed out of a province the means of rearing marble palaces and baths on the shores of Campania, of drinking from amber, of feasting on...