Diaspora Nationalism and Jewish Identity in Habsburg Galicia
The triumph of Zionism has clouded recollection of competing forms of Jewish nationalism vying for power a century ago. This study explores alternative ways to construct the modern Jewish nation. Jewish nationalism emerges from this book as a Diaspora phenomenon much broader than the Zionist movement. Like its non-Jewish counterparts, Jewish nationalism was first and foremost a movement to nationalize Jews, to construct a modern Jewish nation while simultaneously masking its very modernity. This book traces this process in what was the second largest Jewish community in Europe, Galicia. The history of this vital but very much understudied community of Jews fills a critical lacuna in existing scholarship while revisiting the broader question of how Jewish nationalism - or indeed any modern nationalism - was born. Based on a wide variety of sources, many newly uncovered, this study challenges the still-dominant Zionist narrative by demonstrating that Jewish nationalism was a part of the rising nationalist movements in Europe.
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A Note on Translation 1
Jewish Nationalism in Galicia
The Emergence of a Yiddish
Fort rnit den Hausuden The 1907 Parliamentary Elections
Universal Suffrage and Zionist Politics
A Prelude to the Coming Battle
The Jewish National Party ofAustria
Adolf Stand Ahavath Zion assimilation assimilationist association Austrian Bader Basel Program Birnbaum Bloch Braude Brody Byk’s campaign candidate constituted Cracow cultural despite Diaspora districts Drohobycz Ehrenpreis election electoral endorsement ethnic example ﬁnal ﬁrst folksfraynd Galician districts Galician Jews Galician Zionists Gelber German Habsburg Hasidic Hasidim Haskalah Hebrew Herzl ideology inﬂuence intelligentsia Israelit Jewish community Jewish identity Jewish National Party Jewish nationalist Jewish nationalist movement Jewry Jiidische Judaism Judische Kolomea Laibel Taubes land of Israel Landespolitik language leaders Lemberg Maccabee Machsike Hadas Manekin Mikra Kodesh modern Nathan Nathan Birnbaum Neue National—Zeitung ofﬁcial ofJewish ofthe opponents Orthodox Palestine Parliament party’s Poles Polish Club Polish nation Polonization rabbi rallies rebbe reﬂected religious Ruthenian Salz secular Selbst—Emanzipation Shomer Israel signiﬁcance Social Democratic socialist speciﬁcally Stryj synagogue Tarnow Thon tion Togblat Torah traditional Jews Vienna Viennese votes Welt wrote Yiddish Yiddish papers Yiddish-language Yidishe folkstsaytung Zeitung Zionist movement Zionist Organization