Computation and Neural Systems

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Frank Eeckman, James M. Bower
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 31, 1993 - Computers - 539 pages
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Computational neuroscience is best defined by its focus on understanding the nervous systems as a computational device rather than by a particular experimental technique. Accordinlgy, while the majority of the papers in this book describe analysis and modeling efforts, other papers describe the results of new biological experiments explicitly placed in the context of computational issues. The distribution of subjects in Computation and Neural Systems reflects the current state of the field. In addition to the scientific results presented here, numerous papers also describe the ongoing technical developments that are critical for the continued growth of computational neuroscience.
Computation and Neural Systems includes papers presented at the First Annual Computation and Neural Systems meeting held in San Francisco, CA, July 26--29, 1992.
  

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Contents

SELFORGANISING ION CHANNEL DENSITIES THE RATIONALE FOR ANTIHEBB
3
A MODIFIED HODGKINHUXLEY SPIKING MODEL WITH CONTINUOUS SPIKING OUTPUT
9
THE NEURONE AS A NONLINEAR SYSTEM A SINGLE COMPARTMENT STUDY
19
UNSUPERVISED HEBBIAN LEARNING AND THE SHAPE OF THE NEURON ACTIVATION FUNCTION
25
A METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE NEURAL INPUT TO A NEURON USING THE IONIC CURRENT MODEL
31
A MODEL OF A THALAMIC RELAY CELL INCORPORATING VOLTAGECLAMP DATA ON IONIC CONDUCTANCES
37
AN ENTROPY MEASURE FOR REVEALING DETERMINISTIC STRUCTURE IN SPIKE TRAIN DATA
43
A MULTINEURONAL VECTORIAL PHASESPACE ANALYSIS FOR DETECTING DYNAMICAL INTERACTIONS IN FIRING PATTERNS OF B...
49
NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF THE ELECTRIC ORGAN DISCHARGE OF WEAKLY ELECTRIC FISH
281
PATTERN GENERATORS
287
IDENTIFICATION OF LEECH SWIM NEURONS USING A RESONANCE TECHNIQUE
289
THE USE OF GENETIC ALGORITHMS TO EXPLORE NEURAL MECHANISMS THAT OPTIMIZE RHYTHMIC BEHAVIORS QUASI REALIST...
295
UNDULATORY LOCOMOTION SIMULATIONS WITH REALISTIC SEGMENTAL OSCILLATOR
301
NETWORK MODEL OF THE RESPIRATORY RHYTHM
307
A MODEL OF THE PERISTALTIC REFLEX
313
CORTEX CEREBELLUM AND SPINAL CORD
321

THE IDEAL HOMUNCULUS STATISTICAL INFERENCE FROM NEURAL POPULATION RESPONSES
55
THE EFFECT OF SLOW SYNAPTIC COUPLING ON POPULATIONS OF SPIKING NEURONS
61
NEURAL GEOMETRY REVEALED BY NEUROCOMPUTER ANALYSIS OF MULTIUNIT RECORDINGS
67
SIGNAL DELAY IN PASSIVE DENDRITIC TREES
73
MODELING
79
MATCHING NEURAL MODELS TO EXPERIMENT
81
NEURONAL MODEL PREDICTS REPONSES OF THE RAT BAROREFLEX
89
SIMULATIONS OF SYNAPTIC INTEGRATION IN NEOCORTICAL PYRAMIDAL CELLS
97
MODELING STIMULUS SPECIFIC HABITUATION THE ROLE OF THE PRIMORDIAL HIPPOCAMPUS
103
EFFECTS OF SINGLE CHANNEL KINETICS UPON TRANSMEMBRANE VOLTAGE DYNAMICS
109
AN OBJECTORIENTED PARADIGM FOR THE DESIGN OF REALISTIC NEURAL SIMULATORS
115
NEURAL NETWORK SIMULATION IN A CSP LANGUAGE FOR MULTICOMPUTERS
121
DESIGNING NETWORKS OF SPIKING SILICON NEURONS AND SYNAPSES
127
RALLPACKS A SET OF BENCHMARKS FOR NEURONAL SIMULATORS
133
VISUAL SYSTEMS
141
INVARIANT CONTRAST ADAPTATION IN THE PRIMATE OUTER PLEXIFORM LAYER
143
A COMPUTATIONAL MODEL OF THE LIMULUS EYE ON THE CONNECTION MACHINE
151
DOES SYNAPTIC FACILITATION MEDIATE MOTION FACILITATION IN THE RETINA?
159
FASTMOST INFORMATION EXTRACTION BY RETINAL YX CELLS
165
AN ADAPTIVE NEURAL MODEL OF EARLY VISUAL PROCESSING
171
A LOCAL MODEL FOR TRANSPARENT MOTIONS BASED ON SPATIOTEMPORAL FILTERS
177
A NEURAL MODEL OF ILLUSORY CONTOUR PERCEPTION
183
ADAPTIVE RECEPTIVE FIELDS FOR TEXTURAL SEGMENTATION
189
CORTICAL MECHANISMS FOR SURFACE SEGMENTATION
195
DIRECTION SELECTIVITY USING MASSIVE INTRACORTICAL CONNECTIONS
201
CORRELATIONALBASED DEVELOPMENT OF DISPARITY SENSITIVITY
207
Dynamical Control of Visual Attention Through Feedback Pathways A Network Model
215
THE GATING LATTICE A NEURAL SUBSTRATE FOR DYNAMIC GATING
221
AUDITORY SYSTEMS
227
HAIR CELL MODELLING TO EXPLORE THE PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF TUNING IN THE LOWER VERTEBRATE EAR
229
MECHANISMS OF HORIZONTAL SOUND LOCALIZATION AT LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCY IN AVIAN NUC LAMINARIS
235
A NEURONAL MODELING SYSTEM FOR GENERATING BRAINSTEM MAPS OF AUDITORY SPACE
241
OTHER SENSORY SYSTEMS
247
MODELING CHEMOTAXIS IN THE NEMATODE C elegans
249
Formal Model of the Insect Olfactory Macroglomerulus
255
DYNAMIC ACTIVITY LEARNING AND MEMORY IN A MODEL OF THE OLFACTORY BULB
261
DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF NOREPINEPHRINE ON SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION IN LAYERS 1A AND 1B OF RAT OLFACTORY CORTEX
267
CHOLINERGIC MODULATION OF ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY FUNCTION IN A REALISTIC COMPUTATIONAL MODEL OF PIRIFORM CORT...
273
SIMULATION OF THE MUSCLE STRETCH REFLEX BY A NEURONAL NETWORK
323
Modeling and Simulation of Compartmental Cerebellar Networks for Conditioning of Rabbit Eyeblink Response
331
RECURRENT BACKPROPAGATION MODELS OF THE VESTIBULOOCULAR REFLEX PROVIDE EXPERIMENTALLY TESTABLE PREDICTI...
337
PROLONGED ACTIVATION WITH BRIEF SYNAPTIC INPUTS IN THE PURKINJE CELL INTRACELLULAR RECORDING AND COMPARTM...
343
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL DISSECTION OF THE EXCITATORY INPUTS TO PURKINJE CELLS
349
INTEGRATION OF SYNAPTIC INPUTS IN A MODEL OF THE PURKINJE CELL
355
UNSUPERVISED LEARNING OF SIMPLE SPEECH PRODUCTION BASED ON SOFT COMPETITIVE LEARNING
363
DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION AND NEURAL FATIGUE IN DISCRETE TIME SIGMOIDAL NETWORKS
369
DEVELOPMENT AND MAP FORMATION
375
VOLUME LEARNING SIGNALING COVARIANCE THROUGH NEURAL TISSUE
377
HEBBIAN LEARNING IN FEEDBACK NETWORKS DEVELOPMENT WITHIN VISUAL CORTEX
383
THE ROLE OF SUBPLATE FEEDBACK IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF OCULAR DOMINANCE COLUMNS
389
A COMPARISON OF MODELS OF VISUAL CORTICAL MAP FORMATION
395
FIELD DISCONTINUITIES AND ISLANDS IN A MODEL OF CORTICAL MAP FORMATION
403
ORIENTATION COLUMNS FROM FIRST PRINCIPLES
409
A MODEL OF THE COMBINED EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL AND ACTIVITYDEPENDENT MECHANISMS IN TOPOGRAPHIC MAP FORMATION
415
ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY AND LEARNING
423
NMDAACTIVATED CONDUCTANCES PROVIDE SHORTTERM MEMORY FOR DENDRITIC SPINE LOGIC COMPUTATIONS
425
A MODEL OF CORTICAL ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY BASED ON HEBBIAN CELL ASSEMBLIES
431
SELFTEACHING THROUGH CORRELATED INPUT
437
MULTILAYER BIDIRECTIONAL AUTOASSOCIATORS
443
A NEURAL MODEL FOR A RANDOMIZED FREQUENCYSPATIAL TRANSFORMATION
449
OUTLINE OF A THEORY OF ISOCORTEX
455
A NETWORK FOR SEMANTIC AND EPISODIC ASSOCIATIONS SHOWING DISTURBANCES DUE TO NEURAL LOSS
461
SYNAPTIC DELETION AND COMPENSATION IN ALZHEIMERS DISEASE A NEURAL MODEL
467
CORTICAL DYNAMICS
473
EFFECTS OF INPUT SYNCHRONY ON THE RESPONSE OF A MODEL NEURON
475
ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION OF SYNCHRONIZATION IN OSCILLATORY NEURAL NETWORKS
481
ALTERNATING PREDICTABLE AND UNPREDICTABLE STATES IN DATA FROM CAT VISUAL CORTEX
487
TEMPORAL STRUCTURE OF SPIKE TRAINS FROM MT NEURONS IN THE AWAKE MONKEY
495
TEMPORAL STRUCTURE CAN SOLVE THE BINDING PROBLEM FOR MULTIPLE FEATURE DOMAINS
503
ASSEMBLY FORMATION AND SEGREGATION BY A SELFORGANIZING NEURONAL OSCILLATOR MODEL
509
INTERAREA SYNCHRONIZATION IN MACAQUE NEOCORTEX DURING A VISUAL PATTERN DISCRIMINATION TASK
515
ACETYLCHOLINE AND CORTICAL OSCILLATORY DYNAMICS
523
DISSIPATIVE STRUCTURES AND SELFORGANIZING CRITICALITY IN NEURAL NETWORKS WITH SPATIALLY LOCALIZED CONNECTI...
531
INDEX
537
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About the author (1993)

James M. Bower is Professor, Electrophysiology Division, University of Texas Health Services Center, San Antonio. Hamid Bolouri is Professor of Neural Systems at the University of Hertfordshire and Visiting Associate, Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology.

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