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according Aegina Aeginetan afterwards Alcibiades allies Argives Argos Aristagoras Aristides aristocratic Aristophanes army Asia Athenians Athens attack attempt Attica authority battle Beloch Boeotians Brasidas Busolt Carthaginians character Cimon citizens Cleon coinage coins consequently Corcyra Corcyreans Corinth Corinthians Curtius Cyme death defeated democracy democratic Demosthenes Diodorus Dorians Duncker endeavoured enemy envoys Ephorus Euboea Euripides expedition fact favour fifth century fleet Greece Greeks hand Herod Herodotus honour hoplites importance Ionian island king League Lysander Macedonian Marathon Mardonius matter Megara Miletus Miltiades Nicias object oligarchs party Pausanias peace Peloponnese Peloponnesian Pericles Persians Phidias Piraeus Plataea Plut Plutarch political position possessed probably proved Pylos relations revolt rhetoric sailed Salamis Samians Samos sent ships Sicilian Sicily Spartans Syracusans Syracuse talents temple Thasos Thebans Themistocles Theramenes Thrace Thracian Thuc Thucydides Thurii tion Tissaphernes took tribute troops tyrant victory wall wished Xerxes
Page 327 - History in the main ought only to be a record of facts, but now and then the historian may be allowed to display a certain interest in his subject." These expressions traverse the canons of scientific history as much as the sayings of the ancient historiographers themselves. But because men have warm sympathies that cause them to color their narratives, shall no more general histories be written ? Shall history be confined to the printing of original...
Page 439 - On the whole, therefore, the old view that he is a truthful writer is not in the least shaken." Again Holm writes: "Attempts have been made to convict Thucydides of serious inaccuracies, but without success. On the other hand, the writer of this work [that is, the scientific historian, Holm], is able to state that he has followed him topographically for the greater part of the sixth and seventh books — and consequently for nearly one-fourth of the whole history — and has found that the more carefully...
Page 392 - On the other hand, one German critic, cited by Holm, says that Thucydides is a poet who invents facts partly in order to teach people how things ought to be done and partly because he liked to depict certain scenes of horror. He says further, a narrative of certain occurrences is so full of impossibilities that it must be pure invention on the part of the historian. Another German maintains that Thucydides has indulged in "a fanciful and half-romantic picture of events.
Page 301 - The Temple of Jupiter Panhellenius at Aegina and of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae near Phigaleia, in Arcadia; Ivanoff, Annali XXXVII, 1865, pp.
Page 533 - ... question having heard all their statements, despatched fifteen men to Athens, and ordered them, in concert with Pausanias, to effect the best reconciliation of the parties they could. So they reconciled them on condition of their making peace with one another, and returning to their several homes, with the exception of the Thirty, the Eleven, and the Ten who had commanded in Piraeus.
Page 59 - ... enthusiasm of much learning. The examples of Curtius and Mommsen show probably that such a departure from strict impartiality is / inherent in the writing of general history, and it comes, I take it, naturally and unconsciously. Holm is a scientific historian, but on the Persian Invasion he writes: " I have followed Herodotus in many passages which are unauthenticated and probably even untrue, because he reproduces the popular traditions of the Greeks.
Page 367 - They declared that Sparta was prepared to make peace, and urged that Athens should not be too exorbitant in her demands, but rather earn Sparta's gratitude by a display of generosity ; Sparta, they said, was ready to conclude an alliance with Athens, by means of which the two states would be able to control the whole of Greece. At Cleon's instigation the Athenians demanded in the first place the surrender of the men on Sphacteria, and secondly as a condition of peace the cession of Nisaea, Pegae,...
Page 53 - When the battle was over, Xerxes ordered his men to search for the body of Leonidas. When it was found he ordered the head to be cut off and the body to be hung upon a cross.