Homer - the Iliad and the Odyssey (Google eBook)

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Special Edition Books, Jan 1, 2006 - Literary Collections - 480 pages
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The history of Homer and his works is lost in doubtful obscurity, as is the history of many of the first minds who have done honor to humanity because they rose amidst darkness. The majestic stream of his song, blessing and fertilizing, flows like a river through many lands and nations.

The creations of genius always seem like miracles, because they are, for the most part, created far out of the reach of observation. If we were in possession of all the historical testimonies, we never could wholly explain the origin of the Iliad and the Odyssey. But it must be noted that Homer's great epic poems hold a singular place in literature. Within the knowledge of all of history that has been passed down to us, there is no known predecessor that could lay claim to be the progenitor or equal to these great works.

It was Homer who formed the character of the Greek nation. No poet has ever, as a poet, exercised a similar influence over his countrymen. Prophets, lawgivers, and sages have formed the character of other nations; it was reserved to a poet to form that of the Greeks. When lawgivers and sages appeared in Greece, the work of the poet had already been accomplished; and they paid homage to his superior genius. He held up before his nation the mirror, in which they were to behold the world of gods and heroes no less than of feeble mortals, and to behold them reflected with purity and truth.

His poems are founded on the first feeling of human nature; on the love of children, wife, and country; on that passion which outweighs all others, the love of glory. His songs were poured forth from a breast which sympathized with all the feelings of man; and therefore they enter, and will continue to enter, every breast which cherishes the same sympathies.


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The quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles Achilles withdraws from the war and sends his mother Thetis to
Jove sends a lying dream to Agamemnon who thereon calls the chiefs in assembly and proposes to sound the
Alexandria who is also called Paris now challenges Menelaus Helen and Priam view the Achaeans from the
A quarrel in Olympus Minerva goes down and persuades Fandarus to violate the oaths by wounding Menelaus with
The exploits of Diomed who though wounded by Pandarus continues fighting He kills Pandarus and
Glaucus and Diomed The story of Bellerophon Hector and Andromache
Hector and Ajax fight Hector is getting worsted when night comes on and parts them They exchange presents
Jove forbids the gods to interfere further There is an even fight till midday but then Jove inclines the scales of
Assembly of the People of Ithica Speeches of Telemachus and of the Suitors Telemachus makes his preparations
Telemachus visits Nestor at Pylos
The visit to King Menelaus who tells his story meanwhile the Suitors in Ithaca plot against Telemachus
Calypso Ulysses reaches Scheria on a raft
The meeting between Nausicaa and Ulysses
Reception of Ulysses at the palace of King Alcinous
Banquet in the house of Alcinous The Games
Ulysses declares himself and begins his story

The Embassy to Achilles
they then kill him and profiting by
The Trojans and their allies break the Spartan wall led on by Hector
Neptune helps the Achaeans The feats of Idomeneus Hector at the ships
Agamemnon proposes that the Achaeans should sail home and is rebuked by Ulysses Juno beguiles Jupiter
Jove awakes tells Apollo to heal Hector and the Trojans
Fire being now thrown on the ship of Protesilaus Patroclus fights in the armor of Achilles Patroclus drives
The light around the body of Patroclus
The grief of Achilles over Patroclus The visit of Thetis
Achilles is reconciled with Agamemnon puts on the armor which Vulcan had made him and goes out to fight
The gods hold a council and determine to watch the fight from the hill Callicolone and the barrow of Hercules A
The fight between Achilles and the river Scamander The gods fight among themselves Achilles drives the
The death of Hector
The funeral of Patroclus and the funeral games
Priam ransoms the body of Hector Hectors funeral
The Gods in Council Minervas Visit to Ithaca The Challenge from Telemachus to the Suitors
Aeolus the Lastrygones Circe
The visit to the Dead
The Sirens Scylla and Charybdis the Cattle of the Sun
Ulysses leaves Scheria and returns to Ithaca
Ulysses in the hut with Eumaeus
Minerva summons Telemachus from Lacedaemon He meets with Theoclymenus at Pylos and brings him to
Ulysses reveals himself to Telemachus
Telemachus and his mother meet Ulysses and Eumaeus come down to the town Ulysses is insulted by Melanthius
The fight with Irus Ulysses warns Amphinomus Penelope gets presents from the Suitors The Braziers
Telemachus and Ulysses remove the armor Ulysses interviews Penelope Euryclea washes his feet and
Ulysses cannot sleep Penelopes prayer to Diana The Two signs from Heaven Eumaeus and Philoetius arrive
The trial of the axes during which Ulysses reveals himself to Eumaeus and Philoetius
The killing of the Suitors The maids who have misconducted themselves are made to cleanse the cloisters
Penelope eventually recognizes her husband Early in the morning Ulysses Telemachus Eumaeus and
The ghosts of the Suitors in Hades Ulysses and his men go to the house of Laertes The people of Ithaca come

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About the author (2006)

Homer is the author of The Iliad and The Odyssey, the two greatest Greek epic poems. Nothing is known about Homer personally; it is not even known for certain whether there is only one true author of these two works. Homer is thought to have been an Ionian from the 9th or 8th century B.C. While historians argue over the man, his impact on literature, history, and philosophy is so significant as to be almost immeasurable. The Iliad relates the tale of the Trojan War, about the war between Greece and Troy, brought about by the kidnapping of the beautiful Greek princess, Helen, by Paris. It tells of the exploits of such legendary figures as Achilles, Ajax, and Odysseus. The Odyssey recounts the subsequent return of the Greek hero Odysseus after the defeat of the Trojans. On his return trip, Odysseus braves such terrors as the Cyclops, a one-eyed monster; the Sirens, beautiful temptresses; and Scylla and Charybdis, a deadly rock and whirlpool. Waiting for him at home is his wife who has remained faithful during his years in the war. Both the Iliad and the Odyssey have had numerous adaptations, including several film versions of each.

Butler was a writer, painter, and musician. He studied at Cambridge and then became a sheep farmer. He is best known for his biographical novel titled The Way of All Flesh.

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