Apprehending the criminal: the production of deviance in nineteenth-century discourse
In this wide-ranging analysis, Marie-Christine Leps traces the production and circulation of knowledge about the criminal in nineteenth-century discourse, and shows how the delineation of deviance served to construct cultural norms. She demonstrates how the apprehension of crime and criminals was an important factor in the establishment of such key institutions as national systems of education, a cheap daily press, and various welfare measures designed to fight the spread of criminality. Leps focuses on three discursive practices: the emergence of criminology, the development of a mass-produced press, and the proliferation of crime fiction, in both England and France. Beginning where Foucault's workDiscipline and Punishends, Leps analyzes intertextual modes of knowledge production and shows how the elaboration of hegemonic truths about the criminal is related to the exercise of power. The scope of her investigation includes scientific treatises such asCriminal Manby Cesare Lombroso andThe English Convictby Charles Goring, reports on the Jack the Ripper murders inThe TimesandLe Petit Parisien, the Sherlock Holmes stories, Stevenson'sStrange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and novels by Zola and Bourget. This work will be indispensable to all readers interested in discourse analysis, and to scholars and students of literary and cultural studies, anthropology, criminology, nineteenth-century history, and interdisciplinary studies.
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absolute and cumulative allowed Altick analysis argued atavism authority behavior bete humaine born criminal Brunetiere Cesare Lombroso character circulation classes crime criminal anthropology criminal type criminology Daily Telegraph described determined deviance discourse analysis discursive practices economic emergence Emile Zola English Enthymeme epistemological established existence facts fiction Foucault France French Gareth Stedman Jones Greslou hegemonic Holmes human Hyde Ibid Ideologeme ideological maxims institutional intertextual Jacques Jekyll Jekyll's Journal knowledge and power knowledge production language is transparent literary literature Lombroso London lower orders meaning Michel Foucault moral narrative narrator nation nature newspaper nineteenth century novel objective information organizations Paris Paul Bourget penal penitentiary Petit Parisien police political position power-knowledge present presupposes prison punishment Quoted reader reality recognized reports scientific Sherlock Holmes social discourse society stories swindler Tarde textual theory tion trans transformed triadic relation truth Utterson Whitechapel Zola Zola's