The all-volunteer force: thirty years of service
Brassey's Inc., Nov 23, 2004 - History - 384 pages
Throughout most of the twentieth century, American military personnel were drafted into service. A conscripted force served the nation in both world wars, Korea, and Vietnam. But in the late 1960s, the draft came under intense scrutiny and was viewed by the American public with growing dissatisfaction and a sense of inequity. The mounting unease over the draft prompted President Richard Nixon to establish a special commission ”The President "s Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force, also known as the Gates Commission ”to study the alternatives. After much debate within the Administration and Congress over the feasibility and affordability of a volunteer military, the draft was abolished, and on July 1, 1973, the All-Volunteer Force (AVF) was born. It was perhaps the most important transformation of the U.S. military in the past century. Editors Bicksler, Gilroy, and Warner have presented the proceedings of a high-level conference commemorating the thirtieth anniversary of the AVF. Their book begins with reflections from several of the Gates Commission members on the beginnings of the AVF and its many successes over the years. The balance of the volume is devoted to the challenges the Department of Defense will face in sustaining the AVF in the future in light of recent U.S. troop commitments around the globe. Topics addressed include future recruiting and retention, Reserve component contributions, and transformation in military manpower and personnel policy. The All-Volunteer Service is a vital resource for defense professionals, journalists, politicians, and all citizens concerned about future U.S. defense policy.
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The Making of the AllVolunteer Force
Right for the Wrong Reasons
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active and reserve active duty military AFQT Air Force all-volunteer force American aptitude armed forces Army Reserve Asch assignment ASVAB capabilities career challenges civil-military civilian elite civilian society command conscription cost culture Defense Science Board Department of Defense draft economic effect employers enlisted flexibility future Gates Commission guard and reserve high school diploma Hispanic Hosek incentives increase individual ready reserve individuals innovation Iraq issues Marine Corps military compensation military reserves military service military's Milton Friedman missions mobilization National Guard Navy Nixon officers operations percent performance personnel policies population President RAND Corporation rates recruiting and retention requirements reserve component reserve forces reservist employees response retirement scores Secretary of Defense serve service members skills soldiers tion total force transformation U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department U.S. military United veterans volunteer force women youth