Transitions: Archaic and Early Woodland Research in the Ohio Country
Martha P. Otto, Brian Gerald Redmond
Ohio University Press, 2008 - History - 396 pages
The late archaic and early woodland peoples lived in the Ohio region between 5,000 and 2,000 years ago. This was a time of transition, when hunters and gatherers began to grow native seed crops, establish more permanent settlements, and develop complex forms of ritual and ceremonialism, sometimes involving burial mound construction.
The focused archaeological studies described in Transitions: Archaic and Early Woodland Research in the Ohio Country shed light on this important episode in human cultural development. The authors describe important archaeological sites such as the rich Late Archaic settlements of southwestern Ohio and the early Adena Dominion Land Company enclosure in Franklin County. They present detailed accounts of Native American behavior, such as the use of smoking pipes by Adena societies and a reconstruction of mound use and ritual.
Transitions is the result of a comprehensive, long-term study focusing on particular areas of Ohio with the most up-to-date and detailed treatment of Ohio’s native cultures during this important time of change. This book will be of great value to students and other readers who wish to go beyond the general and often dated treatments of Ohio archaeology currently available.
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7 Early Woodland Ceremonialismin Context
8 Upland Settlement inthe Adena Heartland
9 Political Complexity and Mound Construction among the Early and Late Adena of the Hocking Valley Ohio
10 Observations on the Early Woodland Cultural Landscape in the Central Muskingum Valley of Eastern Ohio
11 Smoking Pipes and Early Woodland Mortuary Ritual
12 The Dominion Land Company Site
13 The Adena Complex
Adena and Hopewell Adena mounds archaeological Archaic sites artifacts assemblage associated bc–ad biface bone Brewerton burial Carskadden central Ohio Valley ceramic charcoal chert Clay cluster Cochran complex components contexts Cordmarked cultural Davisson Farm debitage deﬁned diameter diﬀerent ditch feature Dominion Thick Dragoo Duncan Falls Early Adena Early Archaic Early Woodland Early Woodland period earthwork excavated ﬁeld notes ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁll ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂakes ﬂint ﬂoodplain ﬂoor fragments habitation sites hamlet hickory Hopewell identiﬁed Late Adena mounds Late Archaic Leimbach lithic Maple Creek Mayview Bend McCord Middle Woodland mortuary Munson Springs Muskingum County Muskingum River Niebert north-central Ohio occupation Ohio River pattern pit features Plains postmolds pottery prehistoric proﬁle projectile points radiocarbon dates recovered reﬂect region represent River roasting pit scrapers seed Seeman Shane sherds Side-Notched signiﬁcant southern Ohio speciﬁc Stothers and Abel structure suggests surface Terminal Archaic terrace tubular pipes types vessels Woodland period