Science and Civilisation in China

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1954 - China - 4 pages
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It would be difficult to overstate the importance of Joseph Needham’s Science and Civilisation in China series. For nearly fifty years, Needham and his collaborators have revealed the ideals, concepts and achievements of China’s scientific and technological traditions from the earliest times to about 1800 through this great enterprise. During his long working lifetime, Needham kept in draft various essays, some written with collaborators, in which he set out his broad views on the Chinese social and historical context. These essays, edited by one of his closest collaborators, Kenneth Robinson, are contained in the present volume. A reading of this material makes it possible to reconstruct the assumptions and problematics that underpinned and drove the Needham project throughout the nearly one half century during which he was at the helm. The documents gathered here reveal the intellectual foundations of one of the greatest scholarly enterprises of the twentieth century.
  

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Contents

List of illustrations
xi
List of tables
xii
List of abbreviations
xiii
Series editors preface
xv
Volume editors preface
xvii
Vale alque ave
xxiv
Foreword
xliv
50 GENERAL CONCLUSIONS AND REFLECTIONS
1
5 The challenge of technology and medicine
81
6 Chinas immanent ethics
84
7 China and the matterspirit dichotomy
85
8 China and the cooperative mentality
88
10 Chinese and Western attitudes to Nature
90
e Literary Chinese as a language for science
95
2 Comparison scales and measurement
105
3 Problems of classification and retrieval of information
120

b The roles of Europe and China in the evolution of oecumenical science
24
a technical interpretation
43
2 The early unification and centralisation
44
3 Science technology and the underdevelopment of a money economy
54
4 The social consequences
57
5 Europes past
63
6 Chinas future
65
a Chinese perspective for world science and technology
67
1 The historical background of science in China
69
2 The counterculture and the antiscience movement
74
3 The forms of human experience
76
4 China Europe scientism
78
description of the plough
T-58
5 Levels of specification and mathematical terms
T-71
science and the fate of classical languages in East and West
T-85
f Conclusions
199
2 Chinese inventions and discoveries
217
why from Europe?
224
Joseph Needham a soliloquy
232
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
241
Chinese books before + 1800
242
Chinese and Japanese books and journal articles since + 1800
246
Books and journal articles in Western languages
247
General index
264

Common terms and phrases

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