Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace
In Ruling the Root, Milton Mueller uses the theoretical framework of institutional economics to analyze the global policy and governance problems created by the assignment of Internet domain names and addresses. "The root" is the top of the domain name hierarchy and the Internet address space. It is the only point of centralized control in what is otherwise a distributed and voluntaristic network of networks. Both domain names and IP numbers are valuable resources, and their assignment on a coordinated basis is essential to the technical operation of the Internet. Mueller explains how control of the root is being leveraged to control the Internet itself in such key areas as trademark and copyright protection, surveillance of users, content regulation, and regulation of the domain name supply industry.Control of the root originally resided in an informally organized technical elite comprised mostly of American computer scientists. As the Internet became commercialized and domain name registration became a profitable business, a six-year struggle over property rights and the control of the root broke out among Internet technologists, business and intellectual property interests, international organizations, national governments, and advocates of individual rights. By the late 1990s, it was apparent that only a new international institution could resolve conflicts among the factions in the domain name wars. Mueller recounts the fascinating process that led to the formation of a new international regime around ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. In the process, he shows how the vaunted freedom and openness of the Internet is being diminished by the institutionalization of the root.
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Internet Governance in Transition: Who is the Master of this Domain?
Daniel J. Paré
Limited preview - 2003
The Basic Political Economy of Identifiers
22 Defining the Space
23 Assigning Unique Values
24 Governance Arrangements
The Ethernet Address Space
26 Review of the Framework
The Internet Name and Address Spaces
31 The Internet Address Space
73 Challenges to Network Solutions
74 The US Government Intervenes
75 The Green Paper and Its Aftermath
Institutionalizing the Root The Formation of ICANN
81 From Green Paper to White Paper
82 The International Forum on the White Paper
The New Regime
32 The Internet Name Space
33 The DNS Root
The Root and Institutional Change Analytical Framework
41 Formation of Property Rights
42 Property Rights
43 Technological Change Endowment and Appropriation
45 Applying the Framework to Internet Governance
The Story of the Root
Growing the Root
52 The Origin of the Root
53 Growth and Convergence
54 Growth and Governance
55 Who Controlled the Root?
Appropriating the Root Property Rights Conflicts
Commercial Use and the World Wide Web
62 Conflicts over SecondLevel Domains
63 Conflicts over TopLevel Domains
64 Conflicts over the Root
The Root in Play
71 IAHC and the gTLDMoU
72 Political Reaction to the gTLDMoU
WHOIS and UDRP
93 The Assimilation of Network Solutions
94 US Government Policy Authority over the Root
96 New TopLevel Domains
97 Country Codes and National Governments
Issues and Themes
ICANN as Global Regulatory Regime
101 What ICANN Is Not
102 What ICANN Is
103 Forces Affecting ICANNs Future
Global Rights to Names
111 A Web Site by Any Other Name
112 Expanding Trademark Rights
114 Free Expression vs Controlled Vocabulary
115 DNS vs WIPO
Property Rights and Institutional Change Some Musings on Theory
122 Who Owns the Name Space?
The Taming of the Net
Ruling the Root - The MIT Press
An account of the complex, frequently contentious, issues of Internet governance and the formation of ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and ...
JSTOR: Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of ...
Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace. By Milton L. Mueller. Cambridge and London: MIT Press, 2002. Pp. vii, 317. $32.95. ...
ACM: Ubiquity - Ruling the Root
Ruling the Root. Review By Bob Heterick Understanding the Domain Name System controversy by Milton L. Mueller Ruling the Root, The MIT Press, $32.95 ...
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Milton L. Mueller’s Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace and Daniel Paré’s Internet Governance in Transition: Who Is the Master ...
Ruling the Root
Ruling the Root. by Jonathan Zittrain. Ruling the Root, Milton L. Mueller, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2002, 301 pages. In the spring of 1998, ...
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