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The first scientific Antarctic expedition led by the Belgian A. Gerlache. It included 13 months on the icebound Belgica. Dr. Cook and Roald Amundsen helped keep the crew alive. Read full review
Alexander Islands Amundsen antarctic arctic Arctowski aurora bark Belgian Belgian Antarctic Expedition Belgica Belgica Strait berg blue Bransfield Strait bright cabin Cape Cape Horn captain cheerful clouds cold colour crevasses Danco dark deck drift east eastward edge efforts expedition exploration feeble finback whales floes force frozen Gerlache giant petrels gray horizon huge hummocks icebergs islands land latitude leads Lecointe light longitude metres midnight miles Montevideo months moon morning mountains nearly night noon northward o'clock observations pack pack-ice penguins polar polar night position Punta Arenas Racovitza regions rest ridges rise rocks rose royal penguins sailors sails scene sea of ice sea-leopards seals seems ship sledge sleep snow southward steam storm surface tabular iceberg temperature thick Tierra del Fuego tion to-day to-night twilight warm weather weeks westward whales Wiencke Island wind winter zone
Page 362 - first glimpses of sunlight had aroused us to new ambitions, and to spasmodic spells of cheerfulness, but this hellish series of storms sent us again into the most abject gloom of the night. The last week of August and the first two weeks of September was the coldest period of the year. At this time the thermometer ranged steadily from
Page 288 - the weather was exceedingly unsteady, and the sky was then constantly veiled by a frozen smoky vapour, but now a disturbing element seems to have been withdrawn. The horizon is not yet clear, but the zenith is almost always high and blue, with the Southern Cross generally visible until nine o'clock in the morning and after three o'clock in the afternoon.
Page 199 - positions which we obtain from the sun and from the stars indicate to us that we drift from five to ten miles per day. It is a strange sensation to know that, blown with the winds, you are moving rapidly over an unknown sea, and yet see nothing to indicate a movement. We
Page 366 - repose. The change from day to night and from night to day, so long absent from our outlook, is now beginning to lighten the burdens of the weary mind and the aching muscles; elevating
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Page 465 - done. Here are indications of some very interesting problems. Among them are the numerous open questions of the great ice age. In the period immediately preceding the ice age the polar regions were not, as they are now, submerged under a continental sea of ice, but had a somewhat profuse growth of plants, extending
Page 464 - placed it approximately two hundred miles east of the spot designated by Ross, whose observations have been generally accepted. Closely associated with the magnetic pole is the mysterious phenomenon, the aurora australis. It would be interesting to have a prolonged series of auroral observations to add to the first records taken by the Bélgica. Perhaps this information
Page 122 - suddenly into our path out of the impenetrable darkness ahead. The sudden fall of the temperature and the stinging, penetrating character of the wind seemed to warn us that ice was near; but we encountered none. Life was plentiful, but melancholy. Curious albatrosses and petrels hovered about us, uttering strange cries, and in the water there was an
Page 22 - and a picturesqueness quite in accord with its important geographical position. Mount Buena Vista marks the entrance from the north into one of the largest and, for the future, one of the most important rivers of the world, the Rio de la Plata. The river was discovered in 1515 by Juan Diaz de Solis, and seems to have been