Colchester: A History
Colchester boasts 2,000 years of history. Few towns in Britain can equal that. Yet this new book, by a local author, is the first full and concise history of Colchester to be published in nearly half a century, during which time our knowledge of the town's past has grown immeasurably. The Iron-Age capital of King Cunobelin (Shakespeare's Cymbeline), Colchester was the target of the Roman invasion in AD 43. Where the Emperor Claudius received its submission, the Romans built a legionary fortress, the framework of which still forms the centre of Colchester. As capital of Roman Britain, Colchester was over-run and burnt by the warrior-queen Boudica (aka Boadicea), then rebuilt and ringed by its famous walls. After Rome fell and the Saxon incursions began, the Saxon King Edward the Elder made it the leading town in Essex. The Normans raised its profile higher, when an Abbey, a Priory and a great castle gave it the strategic defence of Eastern England. It was besieged only once, when King John was in conflict with his barons over Magna Carta. For 400 years Colchester's cloth industry placed it among the top fifteen towns in the kingdom. It saw Protestants burnt at the stake, withstood a Civil War siege, was ravaged by Plague and stood in the front line against invasion, first by Napoleon, then by Hitler. An important engineering town since Victorian times, it is today a regional shopping centre, a major garrison town and a popular tourist attraction. This authoritative, readable and well illustrated new work, from a professional historian, will doubtless become the standard work on this ancient town for at least the next half century.
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Camulodunum 50 B C A D 60
The Roman Town A D 60450
From Saxons to Normans 4501200
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agricultural aldermen Anglican army arrived assembly Balkerne barracks became borough Boudica Boudican Revolt Britain British building built Camulodunum cars Catuvellauni cent centre century charter Church cloth trade Colchester Castle Colchester United Colchester's Colchester's history Colne Colonia commissioners councillors Cunobelin district East Eastern elected employed engines England Essex expanding factories firms free burgesses garrison Gate Gosbecks haymakers held High Street hospital houses Hythe Hythe Quay important industry inns Ipswich John King labour largest Lexden Road Lion Walk London Lucas major Mandubracius manufacturing mayor merchants military Mill Moot Hall Nonconformist Norman North Hill North Station Office parishes Party Paxman engineers Paxman's population railway river River Colne rose royal rural Saxon shops Siege of Colchester soldiers St Botolph's St John's Abbey supply Temple of Claudius theatre tower town council town hall town's Trinovantes Victorian villages weavers Wivenhoe women workforce