Humanitarian Intervention: The United Nations in an Evolving World Order

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996 - Law - 427 pages
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Over the centuries, societies have gradually developed constraints on the use of armed force in the conduct of foreign relations. The crowning achievement of these efforts occurred in the midtwentieth century with the general acceptance among the states of the world that the use of military force for territorial expansion was unacceptable. A central challenge for the twenty-first century rests in reconciling these constraints with the increasing desire to protect innocent persons from human rights deprivations that often take place during civil war or result from persecution by autocratic governments. Humanitarian Intervention is a detailed look at the historical development of constraints on the use of force and at incidents of humanitarian intervention prior to, during, and after the Cold War.

  

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Contents

Preiiminary Considerations
7
Humanitarian Intervention Prior to the UN Charter
33
F The Covenant of the League of Nations and
57
Origins and Text
65
Intervention During the Cold War 1945 89
85
Incidents of Intervention After the Coid War
145
B Northern Iraq 1991 and Southern Iraq 1992
165
BosniaHerzegovina 1992
198
F Haiti 199394
260
The United Nations and Humanitarian Intervention
282
A Duty to Intervene?
294
Regionai Organizations and Humanitarian Intervention
335
Unilaterai Humanitarian Intervention
355
Conciusion
389
United Nations Documents
395
Index
419

Somalia 1992
217
E Rwanda 1994
243

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

Civilians in War
Simon Chesterman
Limited preview - 2001
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About the author (1996)

Sean D. Murphy is Associate Professor of Law at the George Washington University. Before joining the Law School faculty in 1998, Professor Murphy served as legal counselor at the US Embassy in The Hague, arguing several cases before the International Court of Justice and representing the US government in matters before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and The Hague Conference on Private International Law. He also served as US agent to the Iran-US Claims Tribunal, arguing cases on behalf of the US government and providing advice to US nationals appearing before that tribunal. His publications include an article on international environmental liability which won the American Journal of International Law 1994 D ak Prize for best scholarship by a younger author. In addition, his book Humanitarian Intervention: The United Nations in an Evolving World Order won the American Society of International Law 1997 Certificate for Preeminent Contribution to Creative Scholarship. He is the author of United States Practice in International Law, Volume 1: 1999-2001.

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