Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge: Early Childhood Care and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Marito Garcia, Alan R. Pence, Judith L. Evans
World Bank Publications, 2008 - Political Science - 525 pages
Early childhood, from birth through school entry, was largely invisible worldwide as a policy concern for much of the twentieth century. Children, in the eyes of most countries, were 'appendages' of their parents or simply embedded in the larger family structure. The child did not emerge as a separate social entity until school age (typically six or seven). 'Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge: Early Childhood Care and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa' focuses on the 130 million children south of the Sahel in this 0-6 age group.This book, the first of its kind, presents a balanced collection of articles written by African and non-African authors ranging from field practitioners to academicians and from members of government organizations to those of nongovernmental and local organizations. 'Africa's Future, Africa's Challenge' compiles the latest data and viewpoints on the state of Sub-Saharan Africa's children. Topics covered include the rationale for investing in young children, policy trends in early childhood development (ECD), historical perspectives of ECD in Sub-Saharan Africa including indigenous approaches, new threats from HIV/AIDS, and the importance of fathers in children's lives. The book also addresses policy development and ECD implementation issues; presents the ECD programming experience in several countries, highlighting best practices and challenges; and evaluates the impact of ECD programs in a number of countries.
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activities affected by HIV/AIDS African countries approach Baseline behavior Bernard van Leer breastfeeding Burkina Faso caregivers challenges chapter Child Development children affected cognitive community-based context cost coverage cultural developmental District Early Childhood Development ECCD ECD centers ECD policy ECD programs ECDVU economic effect enrollment ensure evaluation families fathers Ghana Global household impact implementation improve increase infant initiatives integrated International interventions Kenya learning Lesotho Madrasa Malawi Mauritius Millennium Development Goals million Ministry of Education Mkuranga mothers Nairobi Namibia needs NGOs Ntungamo District nutrition organizations orphans parents participation pcGDP percent planning poverty practices preprimary preschool primary education primary school promote PRSPs psychosocial region Report responsibility role sector social South Africa strategy Sub-Saharan Africa Tanzania target teachers tion Uganda UNESCO UNICEF United Nations women World Bank young children Zambia Zimbabwe
Page 270 - States Parties shall use their best efforts to ensure recognition of the principle that both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child. Parents or, as the case may be, legal guardians, have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child.
Page 379 - Significant at the 10 percent level. ** Significant at the 5 percent level. *** Significant at the 1 percent level.
Page 417 - We want to be part of the solution, not part of the problem, and we suggest that, this is a way to do it.
Page xxix - Programme Unesco United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund...
Page 270 - Convention, States Parties shall render appropriate assistance to parents and legal guardians in the performance of their child-rearing responsibilities and shall ensure the development of institutions, facilities and services for the care of children.
Page 89 - PW (2000) Oral administration of a corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor antagonist significantly attenuates behavioral, neuroendocrine and autonomic responses to stress in primates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 97: 6079-6084.
Page 456 - WHO Collaborative Study Team on the Role of Breastfeeding on the Prevention of Infant Mortality. Effect of breastfeeding on infant and child mortality due to infectious diseases in less developed countries: a pooled analysis.
Page 415 - Supra-national human rights instruments for the protection of children in Africa: The Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child" 31 Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa (1998) 199-212 Viljoen, FJ "Application of the African Charter on Human and Peoples...
Page 33 - States Parties to the present Charter shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate harmful social and cultural practices affecting the welfare, dignity, normal growth and development of the child and in particular: (a) those customs and practices prejudicial to the health or life of the child; and (b) those customs and practices discriminatory to the child on the grounds of sex or other status.