Beetle-pathogen interactions in conifer forests
Bark beetles and pathogens are recognized as two of the most important components of conifer forest ecosystems, and their interactions have major consequences for timber production and ecological processes. Because of the close interaction between these groups of organisms, management of their effects requires an integrated approach rather than the traditional separation of insect and pathogen management. Bark beetles often vector of facilitate pathogen transmission, while pathogens often predispose trees to bark beetle attack. This book addresses advances in bark beetle and pathogen systematics, environmental and host factors predisposing trees to bark beetle or pathogen colonization, mechanisms of interaction between bark beetles and pathogens (and associated organisms), effects on trees and forest ecosystems, and management strategies. No previous book has addressed these multiple aspects of bark beetle - pathogen interactions and their management. Interest in these interactions is certain to increase as global change and forest management affect future responses.
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Systematics of bark beetles
Biology and taxonomy of fungi associated with bark beetles
Abiotic and biotic predisposition
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Abies ambrosia beetles Armillaria associated bark beetle attack beetle Coleoptera beetle populations beetles and pathogens biology Borden brevicomis Ceratocystis Chapter Cobb Coleoptera colonization conifer forests conifers contorta Coulson defense Dendroctonus frontalis Dendroctonus ponderosae density Douglas-fir Ecol ecological Ecosystems effects Entomol factors Filip Forest Sci Forestry fungal fungi fungus genera Goheen growth Hansen Harrington Heterobasidion annosum Hodges host tree increase interactions killed Leptographium wageneri loblolly pine lodgepole pine Lorio microorganisms mites monoterpenes Moser mountain pine beetle mycangia Nebeker North America nutrient oleoresin Ophiostoma Oregon outbreaks parasitoids pathogenic fungi Pest Management Phellinus weirii pheromones phloem Phytopathology Pinus ponderosa plant ponderosa pine predisposing Pseudotsuga menziesii Raffa and Berryman relationships resin flow resistance response role root disease root pathogens Schowalter Scolytidae Scolytus southern pine beetle stands stress susceptibility taeda tree species USDA Forest Serv vectors ventralis water deficits western Whitney Witcosky Wood xylem