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The playwright discusses playwriting, acting, and other aspects of the theatre. He discusses his preference for what he calls the Alienation effect (or A-effect) where the audience is not drawn into the emotions of the characters, and does not view what is presented on stage as a small peek through a keyhole, but as a performance. Brecht feels this sort of theatre - he also calls it epic theatre - is the most appropriate theatre for a scientific age, and that theatre should make people think, not feel. This particular book was published posthumously, put together from various columns, interviews, and radio talks given throughout his life. It is a rare peek into the mind of a genius, and is an interesting look also at a time where one could still be a Marxist and talk about a Marxist theatre with a somewhat rosy view. Brecht has a great believe in the ability of the public to drive theatre toward a new style that gets rid of formalism and realism, and simply acts the events that happen. He also believes in a certain level of audience involvement, such as speaking directly to the audience. Most of the ideas presented here were new at the time he wrote them; by now, many of them have been incorporated into the theatre, but probably not in a way Brecht would have liked, since they have been tacked onto a still somewhat formalist style using empathy as the key driver of a story. Worth reading for both the historical perspective and a look at some ideas that are still worth considering.