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according affirm analogy animal antecedent applied ascer ascertained assertion believe body cause chance character circumstances classification coexistence coincidence collocation colour common complete induction conception conclusion connexion connotation considered counteracting deduction definition degree denote depend derivative law distinct doctrine doctrine of chances earth effect ellipse empirical law equal error evidence example exist experience express fact fallacy fecula ground hypothesis idea induction inference inquiry instance kind known language law of causation laws of nature luminiferous ether manner meaning merely Method of Agreement Method of Difference mind mode motion objects observation occur particular persons pheno phenomena phenomenon philosophical planets precise principle probability produced propositions proved quantity question racter ratiocination reason recognised resemblance respecting result rience scientific scientific classification sensations sense species substances sufficient supposed supposition term theory things tion true truth ultimate laws ultimate properties uniformity universal universal proposition Whewell words
Page 531 - The sun illuminates the hills, while it is still below the horizon ; and truth is discovered by the highest minds a little before it becomes manifest to the multitude. This is the extent of their superiority. They are the first to catch and reflect a light, which, without their assistance, must, in a short time, be visible to those who lie far beneath them.
Page 546 - Propositions of science assert a matter of fact: an existence, a co-existence, a succession, or a resemblance. The propositions now spoken of do not assert that anything is, but enjoin or recommend that something should be. They are a class by themselves. A proposition of which the predicate is expressed by the words ought or should be, is generically different from one which is expressed by is or will be.
Page 314 - That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it.
Page 489 - ... passion or motive ; except those which may be regarded as perpetually antagonizing principles to the desire of wealth, namely, aversion to labour, and desire of the present enjoyment of costly indulgences.
Page 427 - In other words, the science of Human Nature may be said to exist, in proportion as the approximate truths, which compose a practical knowledge of mankind, can be exhibited as corollaries from the universal laws of human nature on which they rest...
Page 410 - If there are some subjects on which the results obtained have finally received the unanimous assent of all who have attended to the proof, and others on which mankind have not yet been equally successful; on which the most sagacious minds have occupied themselves from the earliest date, and have never succeeded in establishing any considerable body of truths, so as to be beyond denial or doubt; it is by generalizing the methods successfully followed in the former enquiries, and adapting them to the...
Page 264 - The ends of scientific classification are best answered, when the objects are formed into groups respecting which a greater number of general propositions can be made, and those propositions more important, than could be made respecting any other groups into which the same things could be distributed.
Page 269 - Type is an example of any class, for instance, a species of a genus, which is considered as eminently possessing the characters of the class. All the species which have a greater affinity with this Type-species than with any others, form the genus, and are ranged about it, deviating from it in various directions and diiferent degrees.