Natural law and political ideology in the philosophy of Hegel
This work has two main themes. The first is Hegel's attitudes towards natural law. The second is Hegel's relationship to the various political ideologies. It is argued that these two themes are closely related. It is impossible to local Hegel's political thought in ideological terms without an adequate understanding of his attitude towards natural law. Part One considers whether Hegel is a natural law theorist or a legal positivist. It is claimed that Hegel's attitude towards natural law has been misunderstood, largely because of the erroneous view which his interpreters have of natural law theory. It is concluded that Hegel is a natural law theorist, though of an unconventional type. Part Two considers whether Hegel is a liberal or a totalitarian thinker. It is argued that actually he is neither. Hegel is a conservative thinker. He subscribes to a conservative conception of natural law.
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Natural law theory
Hegel and natural law theory
Liberalism and conservatism
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abstract According actually adopted approach to politics Aquinas Aristotelian Aristotle associated Avineri Beiser belief Burke Burke's Carneades Cicero claim classical liberalism commitment conception of natural conservative thinkers considered Dallmayr doctrine Eccleshall eighteenth century example exists between natural fact formal conception freedom French Revolution Hardimon Hegel Hegel's attitude Hegel's ideas Hegel's interpreters Hegel's philosophy Hegel's political thought Hegel's view hence Hobbes human positive ideology of classical ideology of conservatism individual interpretation of Hegel's justice Kant law and natural law and positive legal positivism legal positivist liberty medieval period Mehta Montesquieu moral natural law theory natural law tradition natural rights Nisbet notion of natural O'Sullivan particular Pelczynski philosophy of history Philosophy of Right Plato point of view positive law pre-modern political thought pre-modern thought principles of natural question reason recognise rejects relationship which exists Riedel sense Smith social sphere standpoint stoic conception stoic natural law take the view theorists understanding voluntarist