Hanford: a conversation about nuclear waste and cleanup
In Hanford: A Conversation About Nuclear Waste and Cleanup, Roy Gephart takes us on a journey through a world of facts, values, conflicts, and choices facing the most complex environmental cleanup project in the United States: the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Starting with the top-secret Manhattan Project, Hanford was used to create tons of plutonium for nuclear weapons. Hundreds of tons of waste and millions of curies remain. In an easy-to-read, illustrated text, Gephart crafts the story of Hanford becoming the world's first nuclear weapons site to release large amounts of contaminants into the environment. This was at a time when radiation biology was in its infancy, industry practiced unbridled waste dumping, and the public trusted what it was told. Hanford history reveals how little we sometimes understand events when caught inside of them. The plutonium market stalled with the end of the Cold War. Public accountability and environmental compliance ushered in a new cleanup mission. Today, Hanford is driven by remediation choices whose outcomes remain uncertain. It's a story whose epilogue will be written by future generations. This book is an information resource, written for the general reader as well as the technically trained person. It provides an overview of Hanford and cleanup issues facing the nuclear weapons complex. Each chapter is a topical mini-series. It's an idea guide that encourages readers to be informed consumers of Hanford news, and to recognize that knowledge, high ethical standards, and social values are at the heart of coping with nuclear waste. Hanford history is a window into many environmental conflicts facing our nation; it's about building uponsuccess and learning from failure. And therein lies a key lesson: when powerful interests are involved, no generation is above pretense.
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Environmental Monitoring and Surveillance 3 1
Radiation What Was Known and When 4 1
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200 East Area Accounting Office Assessment Atomic Energy cancer chemical Columbia River contaminant releases cost culture curies of radioactivity decay decisions Department of Energy environment Environmental Protection Agency facilities federal feet fission groundwater Hanford Advisory Board Hanford cleanup Hanford Site Hanford Tank hazardous impacts Kennewick leaked levels liquids low-level million curies million gallons millirem monitoring N Reactor natural neutrons Nuclear Waste nuclear weapons nuclear weapons complex onsite operations Oregon Pacific Northwest National Parker plutonium plutonium production potential problems PUREX radiation dose radiation exposure Radiation Protection radioactive decay radioactive waste radionuclides reactor REDOX reported reprocessing plants Richland risk sediment single-shell tanks soil solid waste spent fuel storage strontium strontium-90 Tank Farm tank waste thyroid tons transuranic Tri-City Herald tritium U.S. Department U.S. Environmental Protection underground uranium uranium fuel vadose zone Washington State Department waste management waste sites West Area workers