Cattle Plague: A History

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2003 - Medical - 765 pages
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Cattle Plague: A History is the most comprehensive general study of the history of cattle plague or rinderpest yet attempted, of which there has not been a book in English since 1866. With its stranglehold on the economy of Europe until the later 19th century, rinderpest has been the most neglected study in history. The most virulent and dreaded animal disease to affect Europe and Asia from ancient times with up to 95 percent mortality of affected cattle; in the 18th century it is estimated to have carried off more than 200 million head of cattle in Europe, exclusive of Siberia and Tartary. Germany alone lost 28 million between 1711 and 1865, 3 in every 4 animals dying. Following its introduction into Britain in 1745, the losses in 1745-57 were estimated at in excess of half a million head. Its introduction in 1865 with a dozen oxen led to the death, including those which were slaughtered, of 278,943 animals, some estimates putting the loss as high as 420,000, representing 7 per cent of the national herd; according to some affecting livestock farming and the meat trade for the next 25 years. It was responsible for a major panzootic in Africa at the turn of the 19th century, devastating domestic and wild animals alike and affecting the ecology of Africa to the present. Confined today to one known remaining focus in Africa, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations hopes to eradicate this disease entirely by 2010, which if successful will be the first animal disease to be eradicated from the world (and the second disease after smallpox) and would be one of the greatest achievements ever in veterinary science.
Cattle Plague: A History is divided into five sections, dealing with the nature of the virus, followed by a chronological history of its occurrence in Europe from the Roman Empire to the final 20th century outbreaks; then administrative control measures through legislation, the principal players from the 18th century, followed by an analysis of some effects, political, economic and social. Then follows attempts at cure from earliest times encompassing superstition and witchcraft, largely Roman methods persisting until the 19th century; the search for a cure through inoculation and the final breakthrough in Africa at the end of the 19th century. The last section covers the disease in Asia and Africa. Appendices cover regulations now in force to control the disease as well as historical instructions, decrees and statutes dating from 1745-1878.
  

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Contents

THE NATURE OF CATTLE PLAGUE OR RINDERPEST
3
SPECIES AFFECTED AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION
29
THE SEAT OF INFECTION
43
RINDERPEST AND THE PANSPERMATISTS Theories of the Origin of Diseases
59
THE HISTORY OF RINDERPEST IN EUROPE
79
RINDERPEST IN HISTORY FROM ANCIENT EGYPT TO THE 17TH CENTURY
81
SAINT HERBOT SLEEPS The 18thCentury Ravages in Europe
103
RINDERPEST REACHES BRITAIN AGAIN
121
THE SEARCH FOR A CURE CONTINUED Inoculation and Vaccination
397
THE BREAKTHROUGH IN AFRICA
425
THE HISTORY OF RINDERPEST IN ASIA AND AFRICA
445
RINDERPEST IN INDIA
447
INDIA AND THE EAST
467
THE GREAT AFRICAN RINDERPEST PANZOOTIC
497
THE PANZOOTIC REACHES SOUTH AFRICA March to December 1896
525
THE CONTINUANCE OF RINDERPEST IN SOUTH AFRICA 1897 to 1905
551

FROM SEVEN YEARS WAR TO CRIMEAN WAR A Century of Devastation Continues
133
THE SECOND GREAT PLAGUE IN BRITAIN
161
THE FINAL EUROPEAN OUTBREAKS
189
CONTROL MEASURES LEGISLATION AND EFFECTS
217
ARGUMENTS AND ENMITIES
219
LEGAL MEASURES OF PREVENTION IN THE 18TH CENTURY
241
LEGAL MEASURES AFTER THE 18TH CENTURY
263
THE ROYAL COMMISSION LEGISLATIVE FAILURE INSURANCE AND GOVERNMENT ACTIONS IN 19THCENTURY BRITAIN
287
POLITICAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS
307
CURES AND REMEDIES
331
THE SEARCH FOR A CURE Desperate Diseases Require Desperate Remedies
333
REMEDIES IN THE 19TH CENTURY
373
RINDERPEST IN AFRICA IN THE 20TH CENTURY
571
CONTINUATION OF RINDERPEST IN AFRICA
595
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS IN AFRICA
613
THE EFFECT OF THE PANZOOTIC ON AFRICAN GAME
639
SPECIFIC EFFECTS ON AFRICAN GAME
659
DID RINDERPEST EXIST IN AFRICA BEFORE THE PANZOOTIC?
675
REGULATIONS NOW IN FORCE IN THE GERMAN EMPIRE IN REGARD TO MEASURES AGAINST RINDERPEST 1870
683
INSTRUCTIONS AND DECREES ISSUED BY CARL DUKE OF BRAUNSCHWEIG AND LUNEBURG 174582
691
STATUTES ORDERS IN COUNCIL AND PROCLAMATIONS CONCERNING RINDERPEST IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND 17461878
705
REFERENCES
721
INDEX
755
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About the author (2003)

C.A. Spinage, is a retired African wildlife ecologist with a particular interest in rinderpest in Africa. He is a one-time lecturer at the College of African Wildlife Management, Tanzania, and was a senior professional grade employee of the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, responsible for advising governments at the highest level on wild life management in several African countries. He is now retired and spends his time researching and writing; Cattle Plague: A History being the result of some eight years' fulltime work and over thirty years' interest.

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