Calumet Beginnings: Ancient Shorelines and Settlements at the South End of Lake Michigan

Front Cover
Indiana University Press, Oct 1, 2003 - History - 247 pages
0 Reviews

The landscape of the Calumet, an area that sits astride the Indiana–Illinois state line at the southern end of Lake Michigan, results from the effects of glaciers that left the area toward the end of the ice age—about 14,000 years ago. In the years since, many natural forces, including wind, running water, and the waves of Lake Michigan, have continued to shape the land. The lake's modern and ancient shorelines have served as Indian trails, stagecoach routes, highways, and sites that have evolved into many of the cities, towns, and villages of the Calumet area. People have also left their mark on the landscape: Indians built mounds; farmers filled in wetlands; governments commissioned ditches and canals to drain marshes and change the direction of rivers; sand was hauled from where it was plentiful to where it was needed for urban and industrial growth. These thousands of years of weather and movements of peoples have given the Calumet region its distinct climate and appeal.

From inside the book

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.


The Calumet Area
Forming the Landscapes
The Calumet Area before 1833

3 other sections not shown

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2003)

Kenneth J. Schoon is a former middle and high school science teacher and is now Associate Dean of Indiana University Northwest’s School of Education. He is also active in the historical community of Northwest Indiana. He lives in Munster, Indiana.

Bibliographic information