The Rise of Massive Resistance: Race and Politics in the South During the 1950's

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LSU Press, 1999 - History - 390 pages
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Originally published in 1969, The Rise of Massive Resistance was the first scholarly work to deal decisively with the politics of southern resistance to public school integration. Today, it remains one of the most important books on the subject. For this thirtieth anniversary edition, Numan Bartley has included a new preface in which he reflects on his reasons for writing the book and why it has stood the test of time.

Bartley gives a step-by-step account of opposition to school desegregation in each southern state during the 1950s and clarifies the attitudes underlying massive resistance by examining the roles played by such southern leaders as James F. Byrnes, Harry Flood Byrd, James O. Eastland, Orval E. Faubus, Claude Pepper, Estes Kefauver, Richard B. Russell, Herman Talmadge, "Big Jim" Folsom, and Earl K. Long. He also closely analyzes the attitudes of the Eisenhower administration and national leaders toward the South and explores the activities of the Citizens' Councils, the Ku Klux Klan, and other local groups that emerged to defend "the southern way of life". His closing "Critical Essay on Authorities" still forms an excellent guide to primary and secondary sources on opposition to Brown v. Board of Education.

  

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Contents

The South at MidCentury
3
The Dixiecrats and the Rise of Neobourbonism
28
The Presidential Election of 1952 and Southern State Politics
47
The Brown Decision and the Federal Government
58
The Reaction to the Brown Decision
67
The Citizens Councils
82
The Political Power Structure
108
Interposition
126
Part II
211
The Rationale of Massive Resistance
237
Little Rock and the Test of a Doctrine
251
The Climax of Massive Resistance
270
Southern Institutions
293
A Thermidorean Reaction
320
An Evaluation of Massive Resistance
340
Critical Essay on Authorities
347

g Third Party Politics in 1956 and the Search for Political Unity
150
Propaganda
170
Part I
190

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About the author (1999)

Numan V. Bartley, E. Merton Coulter Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Georgia, is the author of many works on the South, most recently The New South, 1945-1980.

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