Humanism, Machinery, and Renaissance Literature

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Cambridge University Press, May 3, 2004 - Literary Criticism - 305 pages
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This book explores how machinery and the practice of mechanics participate in the intellectual culture of Renaissance humanism. Before the emergence of the modern concept of technology, sixteenth- and early seventeenth-century writers recognized the applicability of mechanical practices and objects to some of their most urgent moral, aesthetic, and political questions. The construction, use, and representation of devices including clocks, scientific instruments, stage machinery, and war engines not only reflect but also actively reshape how Renaissance writers define and justify artifice and instrumentality - the reliance upon instruments, mechanical or otherwise, to achieve a particular end. Harnessing the discipline of mechanics to their literary and philosophical concerns, scholars and poets including Francis Bacon, Edmund Spenser, George Chapman, and Gabriel Harvey look to machinery to ponder and dispute all manner of instrumental means, from rhetoric and pedagogy to diplomacy and courtly dissimulation.
  

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Contents

Subtle devices Renaissance humanism and its machinery
1
Automatopoesis machinery and courtliness in Renaissance Urbino
29
Artificial motions machinery courtliness and discipline in Renaissance England
56
Inanimate ambassadors the mechanics and politics of mediation
88
The polymechany of Gabriel Harvey
125
Homer in a nutshell George Chapman and the mechanics of perspicuity
161
Inhumanism Spensers iron man
203
Conclusion
236
Notes
242
Index
301
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Page 300 - Cyborg imagery can suggest a way out of the maze of dualisms in which we have explained our bodies and our tools to ourselves.

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About the author (2004)

Jessica Wolfe is Assistant Professor in the Department of English at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill.

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