The End of the Pagan City: Religion, Economy, and Urbanism in Late Antique North Africa
This book focuses primarily on the end of the pagan religious tradition and the dismantling of its material form in North Africa (modern Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya) from the 4th to the 6th centuries AD. Leone considers how urban communities changed, why some traditions were lost and some others continued, and whether these carried the same value and meaning upon doing so. Addressing two main issues, mainly from an archaeological perspective, the volume explores the change in religious habits and practices, and the consequent recycling and reuse of pagan monuments and materials, and investigates to what extent these physical processes were driven by religious motivations and contrasts, or were merely stimulated by economic issues.
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1 Paganism and Christianity in Late Antique North Africa
Was there a Conversion from the Temple to the Church?
When did Paganism End?
Legacy of the Past or Economic Casualties?
Recycling in Late Antique Building Activity
4th century Africa Proconsularis Antonine baths appears apse archaeological evidence architectural Astius Augustine baptistery Basilica Bassignano 1974 BCTH building material Bulla Regia Byzacena Byzantine period c(larissimo Cagnat capitals Capitolium Carthage Caseau cella centres Chapter Christian chronology church CIL VIII cistern columns complex conﬁrmed connected dated dedicated destruction detailed difﬁcult discussion display Donatist elements emperors empire excavation ﬁnds ﬁrst ﬂoor fragments function Gauckler Goodchild 1953 identiﬁed ILAlg imperial cult indicates inscription Iouffroy Justinianic Kenrick l’Afrique du Nord Lambaesis large number Late Antiquity legislation Leone Lepcis Magna Lepelley Leptis located Mactaris Maison Maius marble decorations Merlin monuments North Africa Numidia ofﬁces ofﬁcial p(er)p(etuus pagan Paris Pensabene perpetuus phase points practice probably recorded recycling refers religious restoration reused Roman Rome Saastamoinen 2010 Sabratha sacriﬁces Saturn speciﬁc spoliation statuary statues Sufetula suggested temple theatre traditions transformed Tripolitana urban v(iro Vandal period Victor Vitensis