Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia

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Princeton University Press, Aug 27, 2000 - Political Science - 286 pages
6 Reviews

Civil Islam tells the story of Islam and democratization in Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim nation. Challenging stereotypes of Islam as antagonistic to democracy, this study of courage and reformation in the face of state terror suggests possibilities for democracy in the Muslim world and beyond.

Democratic in the early 1950s and with rich precedents for tolerance and civility, Indonesia succumbed to violence. In 1965, Muslim parties were drawn into the slaughter of half a million communists. In the aftermath of this bloodshed, a "New Order" regime came to power, suppressing democratic forces and instituting dictatorial controls that held for decades. Yet from this maelstrom of violence, repressed by the state and denounced by conservative Muslims, an Islamic democracy movement emerged, strengthened, and played a central role in the 1998 overthrow of the Soeharto regime. In 1999, Muslim leader Abdurrahman Wahid was elected President of a reformist, civilian government.

In explaining how this achievement was possible, Robert Hefner emphasizes the importance of civil institutions and public civility, but argues that neither democracy nor civil society is possible without a civilized state. Against portrayals of Islam as inherently antipluralist and undemocratic, he shows that Indonesia's Islamic reform movement repudiated the goal of an Islamic state, mobilized religiously ecumenical support, promoted women's rights, and championed democratic ideals. This broadly interdisciplinary and timely work heightens our awareness of democracy's necessary pluralism, and places Indonesia at the center of our efforts to understand what makes democracy work.

  

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Review: Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia

User Review  - Puri Kencana Putri - Goodreads

I found this book accidentally when I wanted to write my first paper at UPEACE. I knew Robert W. Hefner is an Indonesianist who spent a lot of his time to research about civil society in Indonesia ... Read full review

Review: Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia

User Review  - Goodreads

I found this book accidentally when I wanted to write my first paper at UPEACE. I knew Robert W. Hefner is an Indonesianist who spent a lot of his time to research about civil society in Indonesia ... Read full review

Contents

Democratization in an Age of Religious Revitalization
3
Civil Precedence
21
Contests of Nation
37
Ambivalent Alliances Religion and Politics in the Early New Order
58
The Modernist Travail
94
Islam Deferred Regimist Islam and the Struggle for the Middle Class
128
Uncivil State Muslims and Violence in Soehartos Fall
167
Conclusion Muslim Politics Global Modernity
214
NOTES
223
INDEX
271
Copyright

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Page 273 - Arjun Appadurai. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996, pp.

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About the author (2000)

Robert W. Hefner is professor of anthropology and associate director of the Institute for the Study of Economic Culture (ISEC) at Boston University. He is the author ofHindu Javanese: Tengger Tradition and Islam andThe Political Economy of Mountain Java: An Interpretive History as well as the editor of Market Cultures: Society and Morality in the New Asian Capitalisms. He is currently completing a book on democratization and ethical reformation in contemporary Islam.

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