Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The Origin and Spread of Domesticated Plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin

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Oxford University Press, Mar 1, 2012 - Science - 243 pages
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The origin of agriculture is one of the defining events of human history. Some 11-10,000 years ago bands of hunter-gatherers started to abandon their high-mobility lifestyles in favour of growing crops, and the creation of settled, sedentary communities. This shift into an agricultural lifestyle triggered the evolution of complex political and economic structures, and technological developments, and ultimately underpinned the rise of all the great civilisations of recent human history. Domestication of Plants in the Old World reviews and synthesises the information on the origins and domestication of cultivated plants in the Old World, and subsequently the spread of cultivation from southwest Asia into Asia, Europe, and north Africa, from the very earliest beginnings. This book is mainly based on detailed consideration of two lines of evidences: the plant remains found at archaeological sites, and the knowledge that has accumulated about the present-day wild relatives of domesticated plants. This new edition revises and updates previous data and incorporates the most recent findings from molecular biology about the genetic relations between domesticated plants and their wild ancestors, and incorporates extensive new archaeological data about the spread of agriculture within the region. The reference list has been completely updated, as have the list of archaeological sites and the site maps.
  

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Contents

1 Current state of the art
1
2 Sources of evidence for the origin and spread of domesticated plants
9
3 Cereals
20
4 Pulses
75
5 Oil and fibreproducing crops
100
6 Fruit trees and nuts
114
7 Vegetables and tubers
153
8 Condiments
163
9 Dye crops
166
10 Plant remains in representative archaeological sites
169
Site orientation maps
194
Chronological chart for the main geographical regions mentioned in the book
197
Information on archaeological sites which appear on Map 2
200
References
201
Index
237
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About the author (2012)

Daniel Zohary is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Evolution, Systematics, and Ecology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Jerusalem, Israel. The late Maria Hopf was former head of the Botany Department at Romisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum in Mainz, Germany. Dr. Ehud Weiss is withthe Institute of Archaeology at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat-Gan, Israel.

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