Optimism as a personal resource for coping in demanding situations: A notional case study in the field of youth sport (Google eBook)

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GRIN Verlag, Aug 22, 2011 - Sports & Recreation - 19 pages
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Abstract Objective: The aim of the present paper is to explain the construct of optimism in relation to coping strategies. Furthermore, we researched about the possibilities to improve situational optimism in a notional case study. Method: Transactional theory of stress and coping by Lazarus (1982) is the initial point of this paper. We explained appraisal and coping processes and pointed out, that optimism is a needful resource to overcome demanding situations. In the following notional case study, with a young wrestler we used the Life Orientation Test (Scheier & Carver, 1994) and the CAVE-Technique to analyze optimism status. Afterwards we generated hermeneutic ideas to improve the given situational optimism status. Results: A four stadium model, including reflection-, confirmation-, implementation- and re-evaluation phase was created to increase situational optimism. With this, it was possible to reach higher control abilities and optimism. Conclusions: Situational optimism is improvable with the help of the given model. Therefore it is important to re-appraise the outcome to develop adaptation and transformation. Probably it is possible to transfuse situational optimism to dispositional optimism.
  

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