British mandarins and Chinese reformers: the British administration of Weihaiwei (1898-1930) and the territory's return to Chinese rule
Drawing on previously untapped British and Chinese documents, this is a comparative study of British and Chinese administrative methods in the small rural district of Weihaiwei in the northeast Shantung Province. The British leased the territory from the Chinese in 1898 with the intention of maintaining traditional forms of government whenever possible. But in 1930, the Chinese officials of Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist government stepped in to administer the area. Ignoring the province's governmental heritage, instituting an inappropriate bureaucratic structure, and imposing continuous tax demands, they ultimately lost the faith and respect of the local people. A foreword by Dr. N. J. Miners compares and contrasts Weihaiwei's rendition to China in 1930 with the forthcoming return to Hong Kong to China in 1997.
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BRITISH ADMINISTRATION circa 19001910
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTS
WEIHAIWEI AND THE 1911 REVOLUTION
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31 March Annual Report April authorities Britain British British administration Ch'ii Ch'ing Chamber of Commerce Chefoo Chinese officials Colonial Office Commissioner Hsu Commissioner Lockhart Confidential Print December district headmen district officer Dorward to MacDonald economic Ending 31 March February force Foreign Office ground-nut Half Year Ending Hong Kong Hsu Tsu-shan January Japanese Johnston to Colonial Johnston to Lockhart July June Jung-ch'eng hsien Kuomintang land tax leased territory leasehold Lion and Dragon Lockhart Papers Lockhart to Colonial magistrate Manchuria merchants Moss Nanking naval North-China Herald noted November October order-in-council Peking piculs police Port Arthur Port Edward provincial Reginald Johnston rendition Report for Half Report of Secretary residents revenue revolutionary salt schools Secretary to Government Shanghai Shantung Shantung promontory STCTSTL Stewart Lockhart tion trade traditional troops Tsinan Tsingtao Urban Change village headmen walled town Wei-hai-wei Weihai Weihaiwei Intelligence Report Weihaiwei Political Report Wen-teng and Jung-ch'eng Yamen Yuan