Crowdsourcing: Neologism, Independent Contractor, Outsourcing, Crowd, Participatory Design, Human-based Computation, Citizen Science, Web 2.0, Co-creation, Collective Intelligence, Distributed Computing

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Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, McBrewster John
Lightning Source Incorporated, Nov 24, 2009 - Social Science - 104 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Crowdsourcing is a neologism for the act of taking tasks traditionally performed by an employee or contractor, and outsourcing it to a group (crowd) of people or community in the form of an open call. For example, the public may be invited to develop a new technology, carry out a design task (also known as community-based design and distributed participatory design), refine or carry out the steps of an algorithm (see Human-based computation), or help capture, systematize or analyze large amounts of data (see also citizen science). The term has become popular with business authors and journalists as shorthand for the trend of leveraging the mass collaboration enabled by Web 2.0 technologies to achieve business goals. However, both the term and its underlying business models have attracted controversy and criticisms.

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