Albania: From Anarchy to a Balkan Identity

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NYU Press, 2000 - History - 326 pages
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WITH A NEW POSTSCRIPT

Situated between Greece on the south, the former Yugoslavia on the north and east, and the Adriatic Sea on the west, Albania is the country the world forgot.

Throughout this century, Albania has been perceived as primitive and isolationist by its neighbors to the west. When the country ended fifty years of communist rule in 1992, few outsiders took interest. Deemed unworthy of membership in the European Union and overlooked by multinational corporations, Albania stands today as one of the poorest and most ignored countries in Europe.

Miranda Vickers and James Pettifer take us behind the veil of former President Enver Hoxha's isolationist policies to examine the historic events leading up to Albania's transition to a parliamentary government. Beginning with Hoxha's death in 1985, Albania traces the last decade of Albania's shaky existence, from the anarchy and chaos of the early nineties to the victory of the Democratic Alliance in 1992 and the programs of the current government. The authors provide us with an analysis of how the moral, religious, economic, political and cultural identity of the Albanian people is being redefined, and leave no question that the future of Albania is inextricably linked to the future of the Balkans as a whole. In short, they tell us why Albania matters.

  

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Contents

Chapters
1
Hoxhas Death 198590
10
The Time of Dark Forces November 1990
33
Communism
55
and Montenegro
166
Ethnic Minorities in Albania after Communism
186
International Relations and Defence
209
The End of Party Politics? Democracy under
227
Renewed Political Tension and the Constitutional
247
The May 1996 Elections and the Future
266
Appendixes
291
The Last Communist Government of Albania
296
Index
309
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Author of The Albanians: A Modern History, MIRANDA VICKERS is an historian of the Balkans and a regular contributor to newspapers and periodicals on Albanian affairs.

JAMES PETTIFER is Visiting Professor at the Institute of Balkan Studies at the University of Thessaloniki, and author of The Greeks: Land and People since the War and other books.

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