Music Since 1945: Issues, Materials, and Literature
This text presents a challenging and comprehensive survey of the music of the postwar periods. Written in a concise and engaging style, the authors encourage students to re-examine aesthetic assumptions and cultural biases as they explore the rich diversity of music in our time.
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Precedents Influences and Carly Portwar Trends
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acoustic aesthetic approach artists audience Babbitt Berio Boulez Cage's Chapter chord clarinet collage complex composer's composers composition concerns Copyright create David Tudor developed dissonant duration electronic music elements ensemble example explore flute fragments gamelan gestures harmonic hexachord ILLUS improvisation instruments jazz John Cage Karlheinz Stockhausen keyboard listeners live performance material Mauricio Kagel melodic ments Messiaen MIDI modulation movement multimedia musicians non-Western notation opera orchestra ostinato Pauline Oliveros percussion performance ritual Philip Glass piano piece Pierre Boulez pitch class pitch logic played players postwar recording Reich relationships rhythm rhythmic Schoenberg score serial solo soloist Sonata sonic sonorities sound color sound masses Steve Reich Stockhausen Stravinsky strings studio style stylistic synthesizer tape techniques tempo Terry Riley texture theater theatrical timbral timbre tions tonal tone tone row traditional twelve-tone Universal Edition London violin visual vocal voice Webern Western