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Natural Selection and Tropical Nature: Essays on Descriptive and Theoretical ...
Alfred Russel Wallace
No preview available - 2005
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abundant action adapted affinity animals antitypes appear beauty become beetles believe birds Borneo brain build butterflies carnivora caterpillars causes Celebes changes character closely allied species colour concealed consider conspicuous curious Danaidae Darwin Diphilus distinct earth eggs enemies epoch evidence exactly existence explained external extinct facts faculties favourable female birds flowers genera genus geological geological periods groups habits Heliconidae imitation increase India individuals inhabiting insects instinct islands Java Lepidoptera less Malayan male mimic mimicry mode modified Moluccas moths natural selection nectary nest never nidification number of species observations occur organic world Origin of Species Ormenus Pammon Papilio Papilio Ulysses Papilionidae peculiar perfect period phenomena Polydorus possess present probably produced protection race regions remarkable render resemble result savage sexes sexual sexual selection shown structure Sumatra supposed tail theory of natural Theseus tints tion trees tropical variation varied varieties whole wings
Page 368 - If, therefore, we have traced one force, however minute, to an origin in our own WILL, while we have no knowledge of any other primary cause of force, it does not seem an improbable conclusion that all force may be will-force ; and thus, that the whole universe, is not \ merely dependent on, but actually is, the WILL of higher intelligences or of one Supreme Intelligence.
Page 35 - Even a change of colour might, by rendering them more or less distinguishable, affect their safety; a greater or less development of hair might modify their habits. More important changes, such as an increase in the power or dimensions of the limbs or any of the external organs, would more or less affect their mode of procuring food or the range of country which they inhabit.
Page 286 - Strictly speaking, therefore, Mr. Darwin's theory is not a theory on the Origin of Species at all, but only a theory on the causes which lead to the relative success or failure of such new forms as may be born into the world.
Page 38 - ... applied to high numbers, the results come nearer to what theory demands, and, as we approach to an infinity of examples, become strictly accurate. Now the scale on which nature works is so vast — the numbers of individuals and periods of time with which she deals approach so near to infinity, that any cause, however slight, and however liable to be veiled and counteracted by accidental circumstances, must in the end produce its full legitimate results.
Page 359 - A superior intelligence has guided the development of man in a definite direction and for a special purpose, just as man guides the development of many animal and vegetable forms...
Page 26 - One of the strongest arguments which have been adduced to prove the original and permanent distinctness of species is, that varieties produced in a state of domesticity are more or less unstable, and often have a tendency, if left to themselves, to return to the normal form of the parent species; and this instability is considered to be a distinctive peculiarity of all varieties, even of those occurring among wild animals in a state of nature, and to constitute a provision for preserving unchanged...
Page 356 - Natural Selection could only have endowed the savage with a brain a little superior to that of an ape, whereas he actually possesses one but very little inferior to that of the average members of our learned societies.
Page 30 - ... annually, — a striking result, but one which seems at least highly probable, and is perhaps under rather than over the truth. It would therefore appear that, as far as the continuance of the species and the keeping up the average number of individuals are concerned, large broods are superfluous. On the average all above one become food for hawks and kites, wild cats and weasels, or perish of cold and hunger as winter comes on.
Page 368 - God of the Granite and the Rose ! Soul of the Sparrow and the Bee ! The mighty tide of Being flows Through countless channels, Lord, from Thee. It leaps to life in grass and flowers, Through every grade of being runs, While from Creation's radiant towers Its glory flames in Stars and Suns.