American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass
This powerful and disturbing book clearly links persistent poverty among blacks in the United States to the unparalleled degree of deliberate segregation they experience in American cities.
American Apartheid shows how the black ghetto was created by whites during the first half of the twentieth century in order to isolate growing urban black populations. It goes on to show that, despite the Fair Housing Act of 1968, segregation is perpetuated today through an interlocking set of individual actions, institutional practices, and governmental policies. In some urban areas the degree of black segregation is so intense and occurs in so many dimensions simultaneously that it amounts to "hypersegregation."
The authors demonstrate that this systematic segregation of African Americans leads inexorably to the creation of underclass communities during periods of economic downturn. Under conditions of extreme segregation, any increase in the overall rate of black poverty yields a marked increase in the geographic concentration of indigence and the deterioration of social and economic conditions in black communities. As ghetto residents adapt to this increasingly harsh environment under a climate of racial isolation, they evolve attitudes, behaviors, and practices that further marginalize their neighborhoods and undermine their chances of success in mainstream American society. This book is a sober challenge to those who argue that race is of declining significance in the United States today.
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Review: American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the UnderclassUser Review - Elon Fischer - Goodreads
Incredibly troubling book about the role that segregation has and continues to play in American inequality. Massey makes it clear that ghettos and segregation were not natural housing evolutions but ... Read full review
Review: American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the UnderclassUser Review - Isaac Holloway - Goodreads
A must read. This text traces the history of ghettoization in a great detail. It addressins the theories and talking points that surround the state of the ghetto, it positions residential segregation ... Read full review
The Construction of the Ghetto
The Persistence of the Ghetto
The Continuing Causes of Segregation
The Creation of Underclass Communities
The Perpetuation of the Underclass
The Failure of Public Policy
The Future of the Ghetto 277