Cognitive psychology of planning
The concept of planning occurs in a variety of academic contexts and forms, not least in the cognitive psychology of problem solving and in computing science. Although disparate theoretical contexts may be an obstacle to defining the invariants of planning, they become a rich resource when the aim is to provide a description of its general properties. As the cognitve sciences pool resources from psychology to artificial intelligence, reflections on common concepts becomes a necessity.The aim of this book is to furnish a theoretical framework for current planning research in both cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence. It is unique in its integrated and interdisciplinary perspective and is a useful asset to those working in psychology, artificial intelligence, cognitive ergonomics, human-computer interaction, and related disciplines.
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Analysis of Activity in Context
From Elaboration Situations to Execution Situations
The Nature of Plans
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abstract spaces action analogy analysis anticipation architecture artificial intelligence automatic basic device bottom-up strategies chapter cognitive psychology cognitive system components computer programming concept constraint management constraints construction contrast control level control structure declarative knowledge decomposition defined definition design problems developed evaluation example features of planning Figure flowchart formal function functional architecture goal guidance heuristic hypothesis implementation hierarchy individual instantiation interactions iterative memory mental execution metaplanning modules MTRANS novices objects operations planning aids planning mechanisms planning strategies preconditions problem solving strategies problem statements procedural knowledge procedural plans procedure execution processing system properties prospective strategy refinement relations relationships relevant representation and processing result retrospective strategy rules schema script specific structure induction problems structured programming studies subgoals subjects subproblems task domain top-down strategies Tower of Hanoi transaction transformation problems triggered type of representation understanding variables WT NT