Encyclopedia of Prehistory: Volume 4: Europe

Front Cover
Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember
Springer US, Oct 31, 2001 - History - 475 pages
1 Review
The Encyclopedia of Prehistory represents also defined by a somewhat different set of an attempt to provide basic information sociocultural characteristics than are eth on all archaeologically known cultures, nological cultures. Major traditions are covering the entire globe and the entire defined based on common subsistence prehistory of humankind. It is designed as practices, sociopolitical organization, and a tool to assist in doing comparative material industries, but language, ideology, research on the peoples of the past. Most and kinship ties play little or no part in of the entries are written by the world's their definition because they are virtually foremost experts on the particular areas unrecoverable from archaeological con and time periods. texts. In contrast, language, ideology, and The Encyclopedia is organized accord kinship ties are central to defining ethno ing to major traditions. A major tradition logical cultures. is defined as a group of populations sharing There are three types of entries in the similar subsistence practices, technology, Encyclopedia: the major tradition entry, and forms of sociopolitical organization, the regional subtradition entry, and the which are spatially contiguous over a rela site entry. Each contains different types of tively large area and which endure tempo information, and each is intended to be rally for a relatively long period. Minimal used in a different way.

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About the author (2001)

PETER N. PEREGRINE is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin. Dr. Peregrine received his Ph.D. in 1990 from Purdue University, where he did research on the late prehistoric Mississippian culture of the Midwestern United States. Dr. Peregrine has dedicated his career to teaching undergraduates and regularly teaches courses on archaeology, research methods, and human evolution. He has also conducted archaeological fieldwork in the United States and Syria trying to understand how and why complex societies evolve and collapse. He is the author of more than 30 articles and book chapters and has authored or edited six books, including "Mississippian Evolution: A World-System Perspective" (1992) and "Archaeology of the Mississippian Culture" (1996).

Ember is president of the Human Relations Area Files. He has served as president of the Society for Cross-Cultural Research and was professor of anthropology at Hunter College and the graduate school of the CUNY.

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