Christianity Under Islam in Jerusalem: The Question of the Holy Sites in Early Ottoman Times
A major issue in nineteenth-century world politics, the question of Christianity's holiest shrines in Jerusalem is covered by a large body of literature. Most of this scholarship, however, concentrates on the period when the question of the Holy Sites has already evolved from a domestic Ottoman problem into an all-European issue. Much less is known about this problem in earlier times, when the Ottoman Empire was still a dominant power able to propose solutions free of foreign interference and outside pressures. Based on official Ottoman records found in the registers of the kadi's court in Jerusalem as well as the Prime Ministry's Archives in Istanbul, the present study offers a thorough treatment of Ottoman policy with respect to the Holy Sites during the first two centuries of Ottoman rule in Jerusalem. It focuses on three principal issues: (a) The legal status of the Holy Sites under Ottoman rule; (b) The Ottoman state and the inter-church struggle over the Holy Sites; (c) The Holy Sites as a source of income to the Ottoman state. The discussion of these issues sheds new light on one of the most obscure and controversial chapters in the history of Christianity under Islam in Jerusalem.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
akfe Armenian church Armenian patriarch Beyt Jala Cemaziyelahir Cemaziyelewel Chapel Christian churches Christian pilgrims Christian population cizye claim Constantinople Copts Court hearing registered Damascus dated Evail-i defter-i dhimmis Ecnebiye 26 economic endowment eriat Ethiopian Evahir-i fact Firman dated Evail-i firman dated Evasit-i Franciscan monks government in Istanbul Greek Orthodox church Greek Orthodox patriarch Grotto guru Holy Sepulchre Holy Sites Question Inalcik income inter-church struggle Islamic law Istanbul Jacobite Syrians kadi in Jerusalem kanun Kepeci Kilise Kuds-ii Latin Mamluk Maronites monastery monks in Jerusalem Monophysite Mosque Muharrem Muslim Nativity in Bethlehem non-Muslim shrines Ottoman authorities Ottoman documents Ottoman Empire Ottoman government Ottoman officials Ottoman policy Ottoman rule Ottoman treasury patriarch in Jerusalem pilgrim fees pilgrimage political poll-tax register possession preeminence Qur'an Ramazan Rebiyiilewel Rebiyulahir regard religious resm-i Kumame revenues Roman Catholic church Saban seventeenth century Sewal Siileyman Sijill status tahrir tion ulema vakif worship Zilkade