Battles Involving Wallachi: Battle of Varna, Battle of Nicopolis, the Night Attack, Battle of Kosovo, Battle of Sirmium, Battle of Posada

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General Books LLC, 2010 - 58 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Battle of Varna, Battle of Nicopolis, The Night Attack, Battle of Kosovo, Battle of Sirmium, Battle of Posada, Battle of Breadfield, Battle of C lug reni, Battle of Rovine, Battle of Karanovasa, Battle of Mir sl u, Battle of elimb r, Battle of Gurusl u, Battle of Bra ov, Battle of Finta. Excerpt: The Battle of Nicopolis took place on 25 September 1396 and resulted in the rout of an allied army of Hungarian, French, Burgundian, German and assorted troops (assisted by the Venetian navy) at the hands of an Ottoman force, raising of the siege of the Danubian fortress of Nicopolis and leading to the end of the Second Bulgarian Empire. It is often referred to as the Crusade of Nicopolis and was the last large-scale crusade of the Middle Ages. There were many minor crusades in the 14th century, undertaken by individual kings or knights. Most recently there had been a failed crusade against Tunisia in 1390, and there was ongoing warfare in northern Europe along the Baltic coast. After their victory at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the Ottomans had conquered most of the Balkans, and had reduced the Byzantine Empire to the area immediately surrounding Constantinople, which they later proceeded to besiege (in 1390, 1395, 1397, 1400, 1422 and finally conquering the Byzantine capital in 1453). In 1393 the Bulgarian tsar Ivan Shishman had lost Nicopolis - his temporary capital - to the Ottomans, while his brother, Ivan Stratsimir, still held Vidin but had been reduced to an Ottoman vassal. In the eyes of the Bulgarian boyars, despots and other independent Balkan rulers, this was a great chance to reverse the course of the Ottoman conquest and free the Balkans from Islamic rule. In addition, the frontline between Islam and Christianity had been moving slowly towards the Kingdom of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary was now the front...

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