Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses (Google eBook)

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ABC-CLIO, Jan 1, 2001 - History - 367 pages
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For centuries, historians agreed about the Wars of the Roses, seeing them as four decades of medieval darkness and chaos, when the royal family and the nobility destroyed themselves fighting for control of the royal government. Even Shakespeare got into the act, dramatizing, popularizing, and darkening this viewpoint in eight plays.

Today, based on new research, this has become one of the most hotly controversial periods in English history. Historians disagree on fundamental issues, such as dates and facts, as well as interpretation. Most argue that the effects of the wars were not as widespread as once thought, and some see the traditional view of the era as merely Tudor propaganda. A few even claim that England during the late 15th century was "a society organized for peace." Historian John A. Wagner brings readers up to date on the latest research and thinking about this crucial period of England's history.

  

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Contents

A
1
Affinity
2
Angers Agreement 1470
3
Anglica Historia Vergil
4
Archers
5
Armies Recruitment of
6
Armies Size of
7
Armies Supplying of
8
Mary of Gueldres Queen of Scotland d 1463
161
Memoirs Commines
162
Mercenaries
163
Military Campaigns Duration of
164
Mortimers Cross Battle of 1461
166
Mowbray John Duke of Norfolk 14151461
167
Mowbray John Duke of Norfolk 14441476
168
N
169

Armor
9
Artillery
11
Attainder Act of
13
B
15
The Ballad of Bosworth Field
16
Barnet Battle of 1471
17
Bastard Feudalism
19
Battles Nature of
20
Beaufort Edmund Duke of Somerset c 14061455
22
Beaufort Edmund Duke of Somerset 14391471
23
Beaufort Family
25
Beaufort Margaret Countess of Richmond and Derby 14431509
26
Beaumont William Lord Beaumont 14381507
27
BerwickonTweed
28
Blore Heath Battle of 1459
29
Blount Walter Lord Mountjoy d 1474
30
Bonville William Lord Bonville 13931461
31
Booth Lawrence Archbishop of York d 1480
32
Bosworth Field Battle of 1485
33
Bourchier Henry Earl of Essex d 1483
34
Bourchier Thomas Cardinal Archbishop of Canterbury c 14041486
35
Brackenbury Sir Robert d 1485
36
Bray Sir Reginald 14401503
37
Brittany
38
Buckinghams Rebellion 1483
39
Burgundy
41
Butler James Earl of Wiltshire and Ormond 14201461
42
Butler Precontract 1483
43
C
45
Calais
46
Castillon Battle of 1453
47
Casualties
48
Catesby William 14501485
49
Caxton William c 14211491
50
Cely Letters and Papers
51
Charles VII King of France 14031461
52
Charles VIII King of France 14701498
53
Charles Duke of Burgundy 14331477
54
Chronicle of the Rebellion in Lincolnshire 1470
55
Clarence Execution of 1478
56
Clifford John Lord Clifford c 14351461
57
Clifford Thomas Lord Clifford 14141455
58
Commons Common People and the Wars of the Roses
59
Compilation of the Meekness and Good Life of King Henry VI Blacman
60
Cook Sir Thomas 14201478
61
Coppini Mission 14591461
62
Cornelius Plot 1468
63
Council Meeting of 13 June 1483
64
Court Royal
66
Courtenay Henry Earl of Devon Lancastrian c 14351469
67
Courtenay Peter Bishop of Winchester 14321492
68
Courtenay Thomas Earl of Devon 14321461
69
CourtenayBonville Feud 1450s
70
Coventry Parliament 1459
71
Croyland Chronicle
72
D
73
De Facto Act 1495
74
Dinham John Lord Dinham d 1501
75
Dunstanburgh Castle 14611464
76
E
79
Edward IV King of England 14421483
80
Edward IV Overthrow of 1470
82
Edward IV Restoration of 1471
83
Edward V King of England 1470c 1483
84
Edward of Lancaster Prince of Wales 14531471
86
Elizabeth of York Queen of England 14651503
87
English Church and the Wars of the Roses
88
English Economy and the Wars of the Roses
89
F
91
First Protectorate 14541455
92
Fitzgerald Gerald Earl of Kildare 14561513
93
Fitzgerald Thomas Earl of Kildare d 1478
94
France
95
Francis II Duke of Brittany d 1488
97
G
99
Gentry
100
Grey Edmund Earl of Kent c 14201489
101
Gruthuyse Louis de Seigneur de la Gruthuyse Earl of Winchester c 14271492
102
H
105
Harbingers
106
Harlech Castle 14611468
107
Hastings William Lord Hastings c 14301483
108
Hedgeley Moor Battle of 1464
110
Henry VI King of England 14211471
111
Henry VI Illness of
113
Henry VI Part 1 Shakespeare
114
Henry VI Part 2 Shakespeare
116
Henry VI Part 3 Shakespeare
117
Herbert William Earl of Pembroke d 1469
119
Heworth Battle of 1453
121
Hexham Battle of 1464
122
History of the Arrival of Edward IV
123
Holland Henry Duke of Exeter 14301475
124
Howard John Duke of Norfolk d 1485
125
Hundred Years War 13371453
126
Hungerford Robert Lord Hungerford 14311464
127
Hungerford Sir Thomas d 1469
128
Hungerford Sir Walter d 1516
129
I
131
J
133
Jacquetta of Luxembourg Duchess of Bedford c 14161472
134
James II King of Scotland 14301460
136
James IV King of Scotland 14731513
137
K
139
L
141
Landais Pierre d 1485
143
Langstrother Sir John Prior of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem 14161471
144
Livery and Maintenance
145
London Chronicles
147
Losecote Field Battle of 1470
148
Louis XI King of France 14231483
149
LoveDay of 1458
150
Lovell Francis Viscount Lovell c 1456c 1487
151
LovellStafford Uprising 1486
152
Ludford Bridge Battle of 1459
153
Malory Sir Thomas c 14161471
155
Manner and Guiding of the Earl of Warwick at Angers 1470
156
March on London 1461
157
Margaret of Anjou Queen of England 14301482
158
Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy 14461503
160
Neville Anne Queen of England c 14531485
171
Neville Cecily Duchess of York 14151495
172
Neville Family
173
Neville George Archbishop of York 14321476
174
Neville Sir Humphrey c 14391469
175
Neville Inheritance Dispute 14711475
176
Neville Isabel Duchess of Clarence 14511476
177
Neville John Earl of Northumberland and Marquis of Montagu c 14301471
178
Neville John Lord Neville d 1461
179
Neville Richard Earl of Salisbury c 14001460
180
Neville Richard Earl of Warwick 14281471
181
Neville Sir Thomas c 14291460
183
Neville Thomas Bastard of Fauconberg d 1471
184
NevillePercy Feud 1450s
186
Nibley Green Battle of 1470
187
North of England and the Wars of the Roses
188
Northampton Battle of 1460
190
O
193
P
195
Paston Letters
196
Peerage
197
Percy Henry Earl of Northumberland 13941455
198
Percy Henry Earl of Northumberland 14211461
199
Percy Henry Earl of Northumberland 14461489
200
Percy Thomas Lord Egremont 14221460
201
Philip Duke of Burgundy 13961467
202
Plantagenet Edmund Earl of Rutland 14431460
203
Plantagenet Edward Earl of Warwick 14751499
204
Plantagenet House of 11541485
206
Plantagenet Richard Duke of York 14111460
207
Plantagenet Richard Duke of York 1473c 1483
209
Plumpton Letters and Papers
210
Pole John de la Earl of Lincoln c 14641487
211
Pole William de la Duke of Suffolk 13961450
212
Prerogative
213
Princes in the Tower
214
Propaganda
215
R
219
Ratcliffe Sir Richard d 1485
220
Recueil des Croniques et Anchiennes Istories de la Grant Bretaigne a present nomme Engleterre Waurin
221
Retainers
223
Retaining Acts against
224
Rhys ap Thomas 14491525
225
Richard II Deposition of 1399
226
Richard III King of England 14521485
228
Richard III Historical Views of
230
Richard III Northern Affinity of
232
Richard III Shakespeare
233
Robin of Holderness Rebellion 1469
234
Roos Thomas Lord Roos 14271464
235
The Rose of England
236
Rotherham Thomas Archbishop of York 14231500
237
Rous John c 14111491
238
Russell John Bishop of Lincoln d 1494
239
S
241
St Albans Battle of 1461
242
Sanctuary
243
Scales Thomas Lord Scales 13991460
244
Second Protectorate 14551456
246
Shakespeare and the Wars of the Roses
247
Shaws Sermon 1483
249
Shore Elizabeth Jane d 1527
250
Simnel Lambert c 1475c 1525
251
The Song of Lady Bessy
252
Stafford Humphrey Duke of Buckingham 14021460
253
Stafford Humphrey Earl of Devon 14391469
254
Stamford Bridge Battle of 1454
255
Stanley Thomas Earl of Derby c 14351504
256
Stanley Sir William d 1495
257
Stoke Battle of 1487
258
Stonor Letters and Papers
259
Sun in SplendorSunburst Badge
260
T
263
Thomas ap Gruffydd d 1473
265
Tiptoft John Earl of Worcester c 14271470
266
Titulus Regius
267
Touchet James Lord Audley c 13981459
269
Towns and the Wars of the Roses
271
Towton Battle of 1461
272
Trollope Sir Andrew d 1461
273
Tudor House of 14851603
274
Tudor Jasper Earl of Pembroke and Duke of Bedford c 14311495
276
Tudor Owen d 1461
277
Twt Hill Battle of 1461
278
Tyrell Sir James 14451502
279
U
281
Usurpation of 1483
282
The Usurpation of Richard III Mancini
284
V
285
W
287
Wakefield Battle of 1460
288
Wales
289
Warbeck Perkin 14751499
290
Warkworths Chronicle
291
Wars of the Roses Causes of
292
Wars of the Roses Naming of
294
Weaponry
295
Welles Uprising 1470
296
Wenlock John Lord Wenlock d 1471
297
WestminsterArdtornish Treaty of 1462
298
Woodville Anthony Earl Rivers c 14421483
299
Woodville Elizabeth Queen of England c 14371492
301
Woodville Family
302
Woodville Lionel Bishop of Salisbury c 14461484
303
Woodville Richard Earl Rivers c 14101469
304
Y
307
Yorkist Heirs after 1485
308
Genealogies
311
Map of Wars of the Roses Battle Sites
317
Table of Dynastic Affiliations
319
Involvement of the Higher Peerage in the Wars of the Roses
323
European Rulers in the Fifteenth Century
327
Popes and English Church Leaders in the Fifteenth Century
329
Selected Historical Fiction with FifteenthCentury Characters and Settings
331
Selected Web Sites for FifteenthCentury Topics
337
Bibliography
343
Index
353
About the Author
367
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

John A. Wagner holds a B.A. from the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh and an M.A. and Ph.D. from Arizona State University. He has taught courses in British and Tudor history at Arizona State University and in American and early European at Phoenix College. He lives in Scottsdale, Arizona.

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