Informal Lectures on Formal Semantics
This book is an introduction to the current developments in model-theoretic semantics, which has become an essential part of the work in theoretical linguistics over the last decade. The author examines the model structure of Montague’s theory and then presents elaborations on this basic model that have been of particular importance in the last few years: generalized quantifiers, the introduction of more structure in the domain of individuals, properties as primitive elements in the model, situations and similar ‘smaller’ worldlike entities. Nothing is presupposed about knowledge of the mathematical and logical tools used in formal semantics, and Bach presents the informal with a minimum of formalism.
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ambiguity analysis answer argument assignment of values basic called Carlson's Chierchia child Chinese common noun complex expressions context correspond discussion domain elements English entities example false fish formal language formal semantics formula is true function give going horses idea important individual concepts intensional kinds of expressions kinds of things King of France kissing language PC last lecture linguistic logicians look Mary mass nouns Miss America modality model structure model-theoretic approaches model-theoretic semantics Montague grammar Montague's theory names natural language necessarily noun phrases objects one-place pairs philosophers plural possible world semantics predicate calculus problem proposition question relation relationship Run(x semantic theory sense sentence set of individuals set of properties set of sets set of things simple situation semantics sort Suppose syntactic categories syntax talk thematic roles Tianjin tiger topic truth truth-values understand unicorn values to variables verbs walks words