Bio-Geo Interactions in Metal-Contaminated Soils (Google eBook)

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Springer, Jan 5, 2012 - Science - 432 pages
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Metal contamination is an increasing ecological and eco-toxicological risk. Understanding the processes involved in metal mobilization, sorption and mineralization in soils are key features for soil bioremediation.Following an introduction to the physical, chemical and biological components of contaminated soils, various chapters address the interactions of soil, microorganisms, plants and the water phase necessary to transfer metals into biological systems. These include topics such as potential hazards at mining sites; rare earth elements in biotic and abiotic acidic systems; manganese redox reactions; biomineralisation, uranium in seepage water; metal-resistant streptomycetes; mycorrhiza in re-forestation; metal (hyper)accummulation in plants; microbial metal uptake; and their potential for bioremediation.This book will be of interest to soil biologists, geologists and chemists, researchers and graduate students, as well as consulting companies and small enterprises involved in bioremediation.
  

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Contents

Chapter 1 Contaminated Soil Physical Chemical and Biological Components
1
Chapter 2 Biogeosciences in Heavy MetalContaminated Soils
17
Chapter 3 The Role of Mineralogy and Geochemistry in Hazard Potential Assessment of Mining Areas
35
Chapter 4 Rare Earth Elements in Acidic Systems Biotic and Abiotic Impacts
80
Chapter 5 Geomicrobial Manganese Redox Reactions in MetalContaminated Soil Substrates
99
Chapter 6 Natural Biomineralization in the Contaminated SedimentWater System at the Ingurtosu Abandoned Mine
113
Chapter 7 Speciation of Uranium in Seepage and Pore Waters of Heavy MetalContaminated Soil
131
Chapter 8 PlantMicrobe Interaction in HeavyMetalContaminated Soils
142
Chapter 12 Natural Vegetation Metal Accumulation and Tolerance in Plants Growing on Heavy Metal Rich Soils
232
Chapter 13 Hyperaccummulation A Key to Heavy Metal Bioremediation
251
Chapter 14 Nickel Hyperaccumulating Plants and Alyssum bertolonii Model Systems for Studying Biogeochemical Interactions in Serpentine Soils
279
Chapter 15 The Role of Organic Matter in the Mobility of Metals in Contaminated Catchments
297
Chapter 16 MycorrhizalBased Phytostabilization of ZnPb Tailings Lessons from the Trzebionka Mining Works Southern Poland
327
Chapter 17 Bioremediation of Copper Chromium and Cadmium by Actinomycetes from Contaminated Soils
349
Chapter 18 Bioremediation and Heavy Metal Uptake Microbial Approaches at Field Scale
365
Chapter 19 Contributions to the Theoretical Foundations of Integrated Modeling in Biogeochemistry and Their Application in Contaminated Areas
384

Chapter 9 Heavy MetalResistant Streptomycetes in Soil
163
Chapter 10 Role of Mycorrhiza in Reforestation at Heavy MetalContaminated Sites
183
Chapter 11 Historic Copper Spoil Heaps in SalzburgAustria Geology Mining History Aspects of Soil Chemistry and Vegetation
201

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