Science and Ecosystem Management in the National Parks

Front Cover
William Lee Halvorson, Gary E. Davis
University of Arizona Press, Jan 1, 1996 - Science - 364 pages
0 Reviews
Our national parks are more than mere recreational destinations. They are repositories of the nation's biological diversity and contain some of the last ecosystem remnants needed as standards to set reasonable goals for sustainable development throughout the land. Nevertheless, public pressure for recreation has largely precluded adequate research and resource monitoring in national parks, and ignorance of ecosystem structure and function in parks has led to costly mistakes--such as predator control and fire suppression--that continue to threaten parks today. This volume demonstrates the value of ecological knowledge in protecting parks and shows how modest investments in knowledge of park ecosystems can pay handsome dividends. Science and Ecosystem Management in the National Parks presents twelve case studies of long-term research conducted in and around national parks that address major natural resource issues. These cases demonstrate how the use of longer time scales strongly influence our understanding of ecosystems and how interpretations of short-term patterns in nature often change when viewed in the context of long-term data sets. Most importantly, they show conclusively that scientific research significantly reduces uncertainty and improves resource management decisions. Chosen by scientists and senior park managers, the cases offer a broad range of topics, including: air quality at Grand Canyon; interaction between moose and wolf populations on Isle Royale; control of exotic species in Hawaiian parks; simulation of natural fire in the parks of the Sierra Nevada; and the impact of urban expansion on Saguaro National Monument. Because national parks are increasingly beset with conflicting views of their management, the need for knowledge of park ecosystems becomes even more critical--not only for the parks themselves, but for what they can tell us about survival in the rest of our world. This book demonstrates to policymakers and managers that decisions based on knowledge of ecosystems are more enduring and cost effective than decisions derived from uninformed consensus. It also provides scientists with models for designing research to meet threats to our most precious natural resources. "If we can learn to save the parks," observe Halvorson and Davis, "perhaps we can learn to save the world." Contents
I. Introduction
1. Natural Resources Management in U.S. National Parks: Evolving from Belief to Science
2. Management in National Parks: from Scenery to Science
II. Long-term Versus Short-term Views
3. Fire Research and Management in the Sierra Nevada National Parks
4. Yellowstone Lake and Its Cutthroat Trout
5. Moose and Wolf Populations on Isle Royale National Park
6. Saguaro Cactus Dynamics
7. Alien Species in Hawaiian National Parks
III. No Park Is an Island
8. Water Rights and Devil's Hole Pupfish at Death Valley National Monument
9. Urban Encroachment at Saguaro National Monument
10. Karst Hydrological Research at Mammoth Cave National Park
11. Air Quality in Grand Canyon
IV. Protection Versus Use
12. Rare Plant Monitoring at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
13. Wilderness Research and Management in the Sierra Nevada National Parks
14. River Management at Ozark National Scenic Riverways
V. Summary and Analysis
15. Summary of Long-term Research Applied to Major Resource Issues in U.S. National Parks
16. Lessons Learned from a Century of Applying Research Results to Management of National Parks
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

From Beliefs
3
From Scenery
11
Fire Research and Management in the Sierra Nevada
25
Yellowstone Lake and Its Cutthroat Trout
49
Wolf and Moose Populations in Isle Royale National Park
74
Saguaro Cactus Dynamics Joseph R McAuliffe
96
Alien Species in Hawaiian National Parks
132
Water Rights and Devils Hole Pupfish at Death Valley
161
Karst Hydrogeological Research at Mammoth Cave National
201
Rare Plant Monitoring at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
253
Wilderness Research and Management in the Sierra Nevada
281
River Management at Ozark National Scenic Riverways
295
Resource Issues Addressed by Case Studies of Sustained
321
Lessons Learned from a Century of Applying Research
334
List of Contributors
345
About the Editors
363

William W Shaw
184

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1996)

William Halvorson is a research ecologist with the with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Southwest Biological Science Center at the Sonoran Desert Research Station. He is also a faculty member at the School of Natural Resources and Environment at The University of Arizona. Gary E. Davis is a research marine biologist with the National Biological Service working at Channel Islands National Park in California.

Bibliographic information