## Planar Microwave Engineering: A Practical Guide to Theory, Measurement, and Circuits, Volume 1Modern wireless communications hardware is underpinned by RF and microwave design techniques. This insightful book contains a wealth of circuit layouts, design tips, and practical measurement techniques for building and testing practical gigahertz systems. The book covers everything you need to know to design, build, and test a high-frequency circuit. Microstrip components are discussed, including tricks for extracting good performance from cheap materials. Connectors and cables are also described, as are discrete passive components, antennas, low-noise amplifiers, oscillators, and frequency synthesizers. Practical measurement techniques are presented in detail, including the use of network analyzers, sampling oscilloscopes, spectrum analyzers, and noise figure meters. Throughout the focus is practical, and many worked examples and design projects are included. There is also a CD-ROM that contains a variety of design and analysis programs. The book is packed with indispensable information for students taking courses on RF or microwave circuits and for practicing engineers. |

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bandwidth increasing techniques

### Contents

A MICROHISTORY OF MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGY I | 1 |

INTRODUCTION TO RF AND MICROWAVE CIRCUITS | 37 |

THE SMITH CHART AND SPARAMETERS | 60 |

IMPEDANCE MATCHING | 74 |

CONNECTORS CABLES AND WAVEGUIDES | 108 |

PASSIVE COMPONENTS | 123 |

MICROSTRIP STRIPLINE AND PLANAR PASSIVE ELEMENTS | 158 |

IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT | 238 |

References | 492 |

OSCILLATORS | 494 |

Describing Functions | 495 |

Resonators | 515 |

A Catalog of Tuned Oscillators | 519 |

Negative Resistance Oscillators | 524 |

Summary | 528 |

SYNTHESIZERS | 529 |

MICROWAVE DIODES | 275 |

Junction Diodes | 276 |

Schottky Diodes | 279 |

Varactors | 281 |

Tunne Diodes | 284 |

PIN Diodes | 287 |

Noise Diodes | 289 |

Snap Diodes | 290 |

Gunn Diodes | 293 |

Diodes | 295 |

Summary | 297 |

MIXERS | 305 |

Mixer Fundamentals | 306 |

Nonlinearity Time Variation and Mixing | 312 |

MultiplierBased Mixers | 317 |

TRANSISTORS | 341 |

Modeling | 351 |

SmallSignal Models for Bipolar Transistors | 352 |

FET Models | 361 |

Summary | 368 |

AMPLIFIERS | 369 |

Microwave Biasing 101 | 370 |

Bandwidth Extension Techniques | 381 |

The ShuntSeries Amplifier | 395 |

Tuned Amplifiers | 413 |

Neutralization and Unilateralization | 417 |

Strange Impedance Behaviors and Stability | 420 |

Derivation of Bridged TCoil Transfer Function | 427 |

LNA DESIGN | 440 |

Derivation of a Bipolar Noise Model | 445 |

The Narrowband LNA | 451 |

A Few Practical Details | 455 |

Linearity and LargeSignal Performance | 457 |

SpuriousFree Dynamic Range | 462 |

Cascaded Systems | 464 |

Summary | 467 |

Bipolar Noise Figure Equations | 468 |

NOISE FIGURE MEASUREMENT | 472 |

Noise Temperature | 477 |

Friiss Formula for the Noise Figure of Cascaded Systems | 479 |

Noise Measure | 480 |

Typical Noise Figure Instrumentation | 481 |

Error Sources | 487 |

Special Considerations for Mixers | 491 |

Linearized PLL Model 532 | 541 |

Sequential Phase Detectors | 542 |

Loop Filters and Charge Pumps | 544 |

Frequency Synthesis | 551 |

A Design Example | 561 |

Summary | 564 |

Inexpensive PLL Design Lab Tutorial | 565 |

OSCILLATOR PHASE NOISE | 574 |

General Considerations | 576 |

Phase Noise | 579 |

The Roles of Linearity and Time Variation in Phase Noise | 582 |

Circuit Examples LC Oscillators | 592 |

Amplitude Response | 597 |

Summary | 599 |

Notes on Simulation | 600 |

MEASUREMENT OF PHASE NOISE | 601 |

Measurement Techniques | 605 |

Error Sources | 611 |

References | 612 |

SAMPLING OSCILLOSCOPES SPECTRUM ANALYZERS AND PROBES | 613 |

Oscilloscopes | 614 |

Spectrum Analyzers | 625 |

References | 629 |

RF POWER AMPLIFIERS | 630 |

Classical Power Amplifier Topologies | 631 |

Modulation of Power Amplifiers | 650 |

Additional Design Considerations | 679 |

Summary | 687 |

ANTENNAS | 688 |

Poyntings Theorem Energy and Wires | 690 |

The Nature of Radiation | 691 |

Antenna Characteristics | 695 |

The Dipole Antenna | 697 |

The Microstrip Patch Antenna | 707 |

Miscellaneous Planar Antennas | 720 |

Summary | 721 |

LUMPED FILTERS | 723 |

Filters from Transmission Lines | 726 |

Filter Classifications and Specifications | 738 |

Common Filter Approximations | 740 |

M1CROSTRIP FILTERS | 784 |

847 | |

### Common terms and phrases

amplifier amplitude antenna approximation attenuation bandpass filter bandwidth behavior bias bipolar calibration capacitance capacitor center frequency characteristic impedance Chebyshev Chebyshev filter circuit collector current components compute conductor connectors consider constant corresponding coupler coupling delay derivation device dielectric diode effect element elliptic filter emitter equal equations error example factor feedback formula frequency range function gain implementation increases inductance inductor input impedance inverse length linear load impedance loop loss low-pass low-pass filter lumped magnitude match maximum measurement method microstrip microwave mixer modulation MOSFETs negative resistance noise figure noise temperature nonlinear operation oscillator output power parameters parasitic passband phase detector phase noise port practical produce radiation ratio reactance resistance resistor resonator response result shown in Figure shunt signal simple simulation Smith chart spectrum stopband tank temperature terminal tion transformer transistor transmission line typically voltage wavelength zero

### References to this book

Sensor Networks and Configuration: Fundamentals, Standards, Platforms, and ... Nitaigour P. Mahalik No preview available - 2006 |