Zoological Philosophy: An Exposition with Regard to the Natural History of Animals

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Cambridge University Press, Nov 3, 2011 - Science - 506 pages
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The great French zoologist Lamarck (1744-1829) was best known for his theory of evolution, called 'soft inheritance', whereby organisms pass down acquired characteristics to their offspring. Originally a soldier, Lamarck later studied medicine and biology. His distinguished career included admission to the French Academy of Sciences (1779), and appointments as Royal Botanist (1781) and as professor of zoology at the Musée Nationale d'Histoire Naturelle in 1793. Acknowledged as the premier authority on invertebrate zoology, he is credited with coining the term 'invertebrates'. In this 1809 work, translated into English in 1914, he outlines his theory that under the pressure of different external circumstances, species can develop variations, and that new species and genera can eventually evolve as a result. Darwin paid tribute to Lamarck as the man who 'first did the eminent service of arousing attention to the probability of all change ... being the result of law'.
  

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User Review  - Joshua Nomen-Mutatio - Goodreads

Interesting as a historical remnant but uninteresting in terms of evolutionary theory. Read full review

Contents

INTRODUCTION
xvii
CHAR PAGE
lxxix
PREFACE
1
PRELIMINARY DISOOURSE
9
PART I
17
IMPORTANCE or THE CONSIDERATION or AFFINITIES
29
OF Srnoms AMONG LIVING Booms AND THE IDEA THAT
35
CHAP PAGE
47
OF THE IMMEDIATE Rnsuurs or LIFE IN A Bony
249
OF THE FACULTIES common T0 ALL Lrvmc Booms
259
Or THE Fscurrms rsourmn TO CERTAIN LIVING Bomss
265
SUMMARY or PART II
280
Or THE Nanvous SYSTEM ITS FORMATION AND THE
291
Or THE Nsnvous FLUID
314
OF PHYSICAL SENSIBILITY AND THE MECHANISM
321
OF THE INNER FEELING THE EMorIoNs THAT IT
332

that are stimulated and not transmitted from without Irri
53
DEGRADATION AND SIMPLIFICATION or ORGANISATION
68
OF THE INFLUENCE or THE ENVIRONMENT oN
106
UP so As T0 BE IN CONFORMITY WITH THE ACTUAL
128
ADDITIONS TO THE SUBJECTMATTER or CHAPs VII AND VIII
173
PART II
181
CoMPAR1soN or INORGANIC BoDIEs WITH LIVING BODIES
191
gradually gives rise to many other phenomena and which is
210
OF ORGASM AND IRRITABILITY
219
OF CELLULAR TISSUE nnemnnn as THE Marmx
230
OF Dmncr on SPONTANEOUS Gnmmarron
236
FROM THE USE OF THIS FORCE
343
OF THE ORIGIN or THE PROPENSITY TOWARDS REPEATING
349
OF THE WILL
355
OF THE UNDERSTANDING ITS ORIGIN AND THE ORIGIN
362
organs for their execution that acquired ideas are the material
378
OF THE PRINCIPAL ACTS or THE UNDERSTANDING
379
OF IMAGINATION
388
OF REASON AND ITS COMPARISON WITH INSTINCT
401
INDEX
407
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